Central Reserve Police Force Current Affairs - 2020

All CAPF personnel will now retire at a uniform age of 60 years: Govt

As per a recent order issued by Union Home Ministry, all Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) personnel will now retire at a uniform age of 60 years instead of 57 years for certain rank of officials. All these forces come under ambit of Union Home Ministry and are deployed across India to render a variety of internal security duties including border guarding, counterterrorism, anti-Naxal operations, and maintenance of law and order.

Home Ministry Order

The order issued by Home Ministry has corrected anomaly where CAPF personnel between ranks of Constable to Commandant in 4 forces- Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Border Security Force (BSF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) superannuated at age of 57, instead of 60. While officers from rank of Deputy Inspector General upto top-most rank of Director General in these 4 forces retired after attaining age of 60.

Present Scenario:

Those personnel who have retired at 57 years in between court order and Home Ministry directive will now have two options-

  1. either to join service after returning all pensionary benefits (or)
  2. straightaway get all pension benefits as due to them as on completion of 60 years of service.

While those CAPF personnel who had retired and approached court for clarification or were granted stay will be deemed as ‘not superannuated’ and will continue their service till 60 years of age.

Background

According to existing policy, all personnel in Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) and Assam Rifles (AR) retire at age of 60. However, in CRPF, ITBP, SSB and BSF personnel from ranks of constable to commandant retire at age of 57, while those above them superannuate at age of 60.

Delhi HC Order: This development of uniform age pertains to a January order given by High Court of Delhi, where it had called current policy of different age of superannuation in these 4 forces (CRPF, BSF, ITBP, SSB) as ‘discriminatory and unconstitutional’ and said such difference creates two classes in uniformed forces. Recent order issued by Home Ministry direct all forces to comply with court order and amend provisions of rules.

NOTE

Five forces namely, CISF, CRPF, BSF, ITBP and SSB which come under Union Home Ministry were earlier considered paramilitary forces, but from March 2011 have been reclassified as Central Armed Police Forces to avoid confusion.

Also ‘Paramilitary forces’ in India has not been defined officially or in any acts, however they are currently used to refer-

  1. Assam Rifles (AR): It under administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs but operational control under Indian Army.
  2. Special Frontier Force (SFF)

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Operation Bandar: IAF’s code name for Balakot Airstrike

The preemptive non military air strike conducted by Indian Air Force (IAF) on a terrorist training camp in Balakot, Pakistan, on 26 February 2019 was code-named Operation Bandar (Monkey).

Key Highlights

The code name was given as a nondescript, mundane tag to the air strikes, in order to maintain secrecy and ensure that plans about Balakot operations don’t leak out.

Although as per the defence officials there was not any specific reason behind the name chosen but in general a monkey have had a cultural significance and held a special place in India’s war culture such as in Ramayana, where Lord Rama’s lieutenant Lord Hanuman swiftly sneaked into Lanka and destroyed entire capital city of Ravana.

The Indian Air Force is planning to reward IAF pilots who took part in attack with Vayu Sena Medal (Gallantry) for their acts of bravery.

About Balakot Air Strike

As a response to Pulwama terror attack which claimed the lives of 40 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) security personnel and whose responsibility was taken  by Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM), 12 IAF Mirage-2000 fighter jets struck on JeM training camp in in Balakot town of Khyber Pakhtunwa province  inside Pakistan in early hours on 26 February with precision guided munitions.

The IAF pilots carried out pre-dawn attacks by dropping five Spice 2000 bombs on their designated targets and returned to their bases. The aircraft used in strike belonged to No 7 and No 9 squadrons of IAF and included non-upgraded planes.

On one hand some of Mirage aircraft carried out attack on Jaish positions while a team of other few Mirages and Su-30MKI combat aircraft were engaged in keeping Pakistan air force planes away from causing any hindrance to Balakot operation or launching any counter-offensive.

The operations were ably supported by indigenous Airborne Early Warning and Control systems (AEW&C) plane Netra and IAF had also kept its Garud commandos team on stand-by for any kind of emergency oparation.

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