Central Statistics Office Current Affairs - 2020
People in the Republic of Ireland have voted by an overwhelming majority to ease the constitutional restriction on country’s divorce law.
- Background: A 1995 referendum granted Irish couples the right to divorce by a slim majority of 50.3% and since then the mandated separation period was a hangover condition. In 2018 Ireland again held a referendum in which 66% voters cast votes in favour of repealing country’s constitutional ban on abortion.
- Recent development: Now in 2019 around 82 % of Ireland voters casted their ballot in favour of removing a provision that requires couples to live separately for four out of previous five years before their marriage is dissolved.
- Need: At present, Irish divorce law is regarded as among the most restrictive in Europe. It is considered to be responsible for Ireland having lowest separation rate of any European Union (EU) member state which is also evident by figures released by country’s Central Statistics Office for year 2015. The rate of low separation because of strict divorce law rate places an unfair emotional and financial burden on couples as well as families at a time when Irish rental and property prices are spiking.
- Significance: The step is latest in a series of reforms taken up by Republic of Ireland to modernise the charter of the once-devoutly Catholic nation.
- Way Forward: The Irish government now will bring a new legislation shortening requirement to two out of the prior three years for couples to live separately before dissolving their marriage.
Tags: Central Statistics Office • Constitutional Restriction • European Union (EU) • Irish Referrendum • Referendum on Abortion Law
The Central Statistics Office has released the first advance estimates of National Income for 2018-19. The observations made by CSO are:
- Indian economy is expected to grow at 7.2 per cent in 2018-19, a tad higher from 6.7 per cent in the 2018-18.
- Real GVA (Gross Value Added) is expected to grow at 7 per cent in the current fiscal as against 6.5 per cent in 2017-18.
- The expansion in activities in agriculture, forestry and fishing is likely to increase to 3.8 per cent in the current fiscal from 3.4 per cent in the preceding year.
- Growth in the manufacturing sector is expected to increase to 8.3 per cent in 2018-19 up from 5.7 per cent in 2017-18.
- The growth in the mining and quarrying sector is estimated to decline from 2.9 per cent in 2017-18 to 0.8 per cent in the current fiscal.
- Trade, hotels, transport, communication and services related to broadcasting will also witness deceleration to 6.9 per cent in 2018-19 from 8 per cent in 2017-18.
- The growth rate of public administration, defence and other services will also dip to 8.9 per cent from 10 per cent last fiscal.
- Electricity, gas, water supply & other utility services growth is estimated at 9.4 per cent in 2018-19, up from 7.2 per cent in 2017-18.
- The construction sector is expected to grow at 8.9 per cent from 5.7 per cent previous fiscal.
- Financial, real estate & professional services growth will be a tad higher at 6.8 per cent this fiscal against 6.6 per cent in 2017-18.
CSO also estimates per capita net national income during 2018-19 to be at Rs 1,25,397, an increase of 11.1 per cent as compared to Rs 1,12,835 during 2017-18 with the growth rate of 8.6 per cent.