Central Water Commission Current Affairs - 2019
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The tussle between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu on the issue of River Cauvery has got a new addition. The proposal of Karnataka to build dam at Mekedatu is opposed fiercely by Tamil Nadu.
About the Project
- The Government of Karnataka is planning to build a dam across river Cauvery near Mekedatu in Ramanagara district.
- The proposed capacity of dam is 48 TMC (thousand million cubic feet).
- The objective of the dam is to supply drinking water to Bengaluru and recharge the groundwater table in the region.
Why Tamil Nadu is opposing the project?
- Tamil Nadu’s main argument is that the project violates the final award of the Cauvery River Water Tribunal.
- Tamil Nadu argues that the construction of the reservoir would result in impounding of the flows in the intermediate catchment below the Krishnaraja Sagar and Kabini reservoirs, and Billigundulu in the common border of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
- Tamil Nadu also suspects that with the proposed project Karnataka intends to extend the area under irrigation.
- Karnataka argues that Mekedatu project will not come in the way of releasing the stipulated quantum of water to Tamil Nadu, nor will it be used for irrigation purposes.
- Karnataka is willing to hold talks with Tamil Nadu on this issue.
- Karnataka has again made it clear that the reservoir is only for storing water meant to generate electricity and provide drinking water to Bengaluru as well as its neighbouring areas.
The feasibility study of the dam is cleared by the Central Water Commission (CWC). The CWC has conditioned that water supply to Tamil Nadu from Cauvery must not be hampered. Now Karnataka can go ahead and prepare Detailed Project Report. The Government of Tamil Nadu had moved to Supreme Court seeking to prohibit Karnataka from proceeding with its Detailed Project Report. Supreme Court has refused to give the stay as of now.
Central Water Commission (CWC) has signed collaboration agreement with search engine giant Google for flood forecasting and dissemination of flood related information to masses. This initiative will help crisis management agencies to deal extreme hydrological events in better manner for effective flood management in India under National Hydrology Project (NHP).
Under this collaboration, CWC will use state-of-the-art technological advances made by Google in field of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning and geo-spatial mapping for effective management of water resources particularly in the field of flood forecasting and dissemination of flood related information to masses widely using dissemination platforms developed by Google. Under this Agreement, CWC and Google will share technical expertise to collaborate on
- Improving flood prediction systems, which will help provide location-targeted, actionable flood warnings,
- High priority research project utilizing Google Earth to help visualize and improve flood management.
- Cultural project to build online exhibitions on Rivers of India.
Under this collaborative arrangement, Google will use high resolution Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and vast computational resources and its technological expertise to generate flood inundation maps utilising level forecast input provided by CWC. This information will be disseminated with lead time of up to 3 days. The inundation forecasting will be done trial basis for flood season of 2018 and it will be scaled up in near future.
The collaborative arrangement will save of crore of rupees which would have been spent by government on acquiring high resolution DEM, high end computational resources and developing dissemination platforms widely used by masses.
This would enable Government as well as disaster management organisations to identify well in advance locations and population, which are at risk from floods and require warnings and information. This initiative is expected to be milestone in flood management and in mitigating the flood losses.
Central Water Commission (CWC)
CWC is India’s apex technical organization in field of water resources functioning under Union Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation. It is mandated for initiating, coordinating in consultation of State Governments, schemes for control, utilization and conservation of water resources throughout the country. These schemes are meant for purpose of flood control, irrigation, navigation, drinking water supply and water power development. It is
National Hydrology Project (NHP)
NHP was launched by Ministry of Water Resources in 2016-17. It is World Bank assisted central sector scheme with pan India coverage. Its objective is to improve extent, quality and accessibility of water resources information, decision support system for floods and basin level resource assessment and planning and to strengthen capacity of targeted water resources professionals and management institutions in India.