Chandipur Current Affairs - 2019
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India’s first indigenously designed and developed long-range sub-sonic cruise missile ‘Nirbhay’ from a test range Chandipur, Odisha.
- Nirbhay missile has blended missile and aeronautical technologies which allows it to take off vertically like missile and cruise horizontally like an aircraft.
- The missile has a two-stage missile powered by solid rocket motor booster developed by Advanced Systems Laboratory (ASL).
- Nirbhay Missile has an operational range of 1000 km and can carry warheads of up to 300 kg including nuclear warheads.
- It can be launched from various kind of platforms.
- It can travel with a turbofan or turbojet engine and is guided by a highly advanced inertial navigation system.
- It has the capability to loiter and cruise at 0.7 Mach, at altitudes as low as 100m.
- It is terrain hugging missile which keeps on encircling the area of its target for several minutes and then hits bull’s eye’ on an opportune time.
- It is difficult to detect by enemy’s radars. It is capable to engage several targets in a single flight.
- The guidance, control and navigation system of missile is configured around indigenously designed Ring Laser Gyroscope (RLG) and MEMS-based Inertial Navigation System (INS) along with GPS system.
It was the sixth experimental test of Nirbhay missile system and it achieved all mission objectives right from lift-off till the final splash, boosting the confidence of all scientists associated with the trial.
India has successfully test-fired two indigenously developed Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air missiles (QRSAM) from a test range off the Odisha coast.
QRSAM was test fired from a rotatable truck-based launch unit at Chandipur in Odisha’s Balasore district. The two missiles tested for different altitude and conditions successfully demonstrated robust control, aerodynamics, propulsion, structural performance and high manoeuvring capabilities
Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missiles
- The missile is an all-weather, all-terrain missile with electronic countermeasures against jamming by aircraft radars.
- QRSAM uses solid-fuel propellant and has a range of 25-30 km.
- QRSAM has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in association with Bharat Electronics Limited and Bharat Dynamics Limited as a replacement to Osa-AK and Kvadrat missile systems.
This was the third test firing of QRSAM. The first test firing was done on June 4, 2017, and the second on July 14, 2018.
Tags: Bharat Dynamics Limited • Bharat Electronics Limited • Chandipur • Defence Research and Development Organisation • DRDO • Kvadrat • Odisha • Osa-AK • QRSAM • Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air missiles