Chattisgarh Current Affairs - 2020
The strategic anti-Naxal operations command headquarters of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) has been shifted back from Kolkata to Raipur. In 2010, the central zone command headquarters was shifted from Raipur to Kolkata owing to logistics and connectivity issues. The recent decision comes at the backdrop of ambush in Sukma district that killed 37 jawans of the paramilitary force.
The central zone command headquarters was raised on August 7, 2009, to carry out the deployment of troops to the States affected by Left Wing Extremism such as West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
CRPF is the largest central armed police force or paramilitary force in India. It functions under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). It was established in 1939, under Crown Representative’s Police but after independence, it was made statutory after enactment of the CRPF Act, 1949. Its primary role is to assist States/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and contain the insurgency. Apart from anti-Naxal operations, CRPF personnel also carries out several operations in situations of crisis like terrorist attacks, counter-terrorism operations, rescuing citizens during terrorist attacks among others.
Tags: Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) • Chattisgarh • Chhattisgarh • Internal Security • National
Indian journalist Malini Subramaniam was conferred with the 2016 International Press Freedom Award. She has been honored for her reporting from the Naxal-infested Bastar area and for the commitment to a free press.
She is among the four journalists selected by the Committee to Protect Journalists for this year’s award. Others are Oscar Martinez (El Salvador), Can Dundar (Turkey) and Abou Zeid (Egypt).
Malini Subramaniam is a contributor to the news website Scroll.in. She has reported on abuses by security forces and police, jailing of minors, sexual violence against women, shutdown of schools, extrajudicial killings, and threats against journalists in Bastar region in Chattisgarh.
About International Press Freedom Award (IPFA)
- The IPFA honors journalists or their publications around the world for showing courage in defending press freedom despite facing attacks, threats or imprisonment.
- The award was established in 1991 and is administered by the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), an independent NGO based in New York, US.
- In addition to recognizing individuals, CPJ seeks to focus local and international media coverage on countries where violations of press freedom are particularly serious.