Chenab river Current Affairs - 2020

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Minister of North East Development chairs Ujh (National) Multipurpose Project, Jammu Kashmir

On February 3, 2020 the Minister of North Eastern Development Dr Jitendra Singh chaired the Ujh Multipurpose (National) Project, Jammu and Kashmir. The meeting was attended by the Ministry of Jal Shakti, Ministry of Power and other officers from state government of Punjab

Highlights

The Meeting was held to fast track complete utilization of India’s rights under Indus Water Treaty. The project is to be constructed across River Ujh, a tributary of River Ravi.

The project will help India utilizing the waters of Eastern Rivers to the fullest abiding to the Indus Water Treaty. It will help store 781 million cubic metres of water of River Ujh.

Indus Water Treaty

The Indus-Water Treaty was signed between India and Pakistan in 1960. The signing of the treaty was brokered by the World Bank. According to the agreement, the waters of eastern rivers Ravi, Beas and Sutlej were given to India and the control over waters flowing in the western rivers Indus, Chenab and Jhelum were given to Pakistan.

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Rohtang pass tunnel named after former PM Vajpayee

On 24 December, 2019, the Union cabinet chaired by PM Modi decided that the strategic tunnel that was constructed under Rohtang Pass will be named after him. This is because the tunnel construction was started in June 2000, during his tenure.

About the tunnel

The tunnel is the world’s longest tunnel (8.8 km) at an altitude of 3,000 metres. The tunnel reduces the distance between Leh and Manali by 46 kilometres. This helps in saving crores of rupees on fuel usage. It is built under Pir Pinjal range.

It is a single tube tunnel and is 10.5-metre-wide with fire proof emergency provisions. The geological and weather challenges were overcome by the Border Road Organization. It includes the Seri Nalah fault zone.

Rohtang Pass

The pass connects Kulu valley and Lahaul and Spiti valleys of Himachal Pradesh. The three rivers in the region of the pass are chenab, Beas and Chandra rivers. The Beas river emerges from underground and flows southwards, Chandra river flows in the eastern Himalayas and Chenab river flows westward.

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