Chhattisgarh Current Affairs - 2019
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The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) has commissioned special unit called Bastariya Battalion (numbered 241) to combat Naxals activities in Bastar region of Chhattisgarh. This is for first time CRFP has raised special battalion that includes local representation to enhance combat capabilities in Naxal-hit area of Bastar district.
241 Bastariya Battalion
241 Bastariya Battalion comprises total 739 local tribal youths including 198 women combatants (33% female candidates as per government policy) selected from four highly Naxal infested district in Chhattisgarh, i.e Bijapur, Dantewada, Narayanpur and Sukma. It will be deployed in Special Operation Zone (SOZ) of Chhattisgarh to fight against naxals.
To raise this battalion, CRPF had undertaken special recruitment drive to recruit 743 rural ST candidates to give a fair chance to the aspirants. It also had imparted pre-educational and physical training during the recruitment drive to ensure maximum participation and equal opportunities in coordination with state administration.
Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
CRPF is the largest central armed police force or paramilitary force in India. It functions under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). It was established in 1939, under Crown Representative’s Police but after independence, it was made statutory after enactment of the CRPF Act, 1949. Its primary role is to assist States/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and contain the insurgency. Apart from anti-Naxal operations, CRPF personnel also carries out several operations in situations of crisis like terrorist attacks, counter-terrorism operations, rescuing citizens during terrorist attacks among others.
President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated Integrated Centre for Crisis Management (ICCM) at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) in Mumbai, Maharashtra. The ICCM will help nation to respond more effectively to chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) emergencies. It will monitor radiological data from a network of 504 radiation sensors across the country.
- Multi-leaf collimator system: It has been developed by BARC. It is used radiotherapy as it enables gamma radiation to be exposed only on cancer-affected organs.
- Trombay Chhattisgarh Dubraj Mutant-1: It is high-yielding dwarf variety of Dubraj mutant rice. It is 43rd high-yielding crop variety developed by BARC.
President Kovind also remotely inaugurated three other nuclear facilities of Department of Atomic Energy (DEA). They are
- Metal fuel pin fabrication facility: It has been jointly developed by BARC and Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research at Kalpakkam, near Chennai, Tamil Nadu. It will help to increase plutonium production in fast breeder reactors.
- High-power electron beam melting furnace: It is jointly developed by scientists of BARC and Nuclear Fuel Complex. It will be used for nuclear and strategic applications.
- Integrated enriched boron tri-fluoride gas generation facility: It was developed by Heavy-water Board in Odisha. It will be used in neutron detectors.
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)
BARC is India’s premier nuclear research facility based in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It is multi-disciplinary research center with extensive infrastructure for advanced research and development. Its R&D covers entire spectrum of nuclear science, engineering and related areas. BARC’s core mandate is to sustain peaceful applications of nuclear energy, primarily for power generation.
Tags: BARC • CBRN emergencies • Chhattisgarh • Dubraj mutant rice • Integrated Centre for Crisis Management • Multi-leaf collimator system • Nuclear Technology • Science and Technology • Trombay Chhattisgarh Dubraj Mutant-1