Chhattisgarh Current Affairs - 2019
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The Government has set up a high level panel to prepare a position paper on the socio-economic, health and educational status of tribals and also recommend policy initiatives as well as effective outcome-oriented measures to improve development indicators and strengthen public service delivery to STs.
India has around 8.6% people belonging to tribal community. The population is concentrated in the north-east, particularly in Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh, and in those parts now overrun by Maoists — Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and parts of Bihar and Maharashtra.
Who will be the members of the Committee?
Virginius Xaxa, noted tribal expert and eminent sociologist, who was recently appointed member of the Sonia Gandhi-led National Advisory Council, will be the head of the Committee.
Other members include Usha Ramanathan, Joseph Bara, K.K. Misra, Abhay Bang and Sunila Basant, all of whom are familiar with the problems of tribals and come from diverse backgrounds — Law, History, Anthropology, Medicine and Administration.
What will be the focus of the Committee?
The panel is likely to focus on the following areas:
- The impact of involuntary displacement and imposed migration on tribal communities.
- Effect of rapid urbanisation on their original habitats
- To examine whether new possibilities of employment and livelihood available to them.
- To measure their asset base and income levels, and changes in the patterns of ownership and productivity of their immovable assets
- To analyze the role of public policy and the legal framework in facilitating/inhibiting such changes, the level of their socio-economic development, and their relative share of public and private sector employment, and consider what steps have been taken by States/Union Territories for capacity building and improving their employability.
- To examine whether tribal communities have adequate access to education and health services, municipal infrastructure, bank credit, and other services provided by government/public sector entities; and the level of schools, health centres, ICDS centres, etc, in areas of tribal concentration in comparison to the general level of such social infrastructure in various States.
- To look at whether protective legislation such as the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act 1989, the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, the Forest Rights Act and the Food Security Ordinance are being implemented effectively.
Tags: Arunachal Pradesh • Bihar • Chhattisgarh • Committees • Current Affairs 2013 • Health • Jharkhand • Madhya Pradesh • Maharashtra • Meghalaya • Mizoram • Nagaland • Odisha • Orissa • Socio-Economic
Records of the Health and Family Welfare Ministry have disclosed that 1/5th (20%) of food items in the market tested by government labs in 2012 were either substandard or contaminated. These food items did not meet the standards set by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).
In the survey, a test of 29,328 samples taken from malls as well as wholesale shops conducted in 123 labs shows that everything from packed items to cereals is contaminated. The food items tested include items such as edible oil, milk, sugar and grains, packed foods available in the market.
As per the tests, The rate of food contamination was 8% in 2008-09and now it has moved up to 20% in 2012-13. Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are the three states with the worst record between 2008 to 2010.
Consumption of adulterated food leads to serious health problems such as heart disease and even neurological problems, especially in children.
Lack of Supervision:
- By April, 2013 only 2% food business operators had registered with the state governments. The lack of a proper monitoring is one of the reasons for this issue. At present there are more than 50 million who still need to register with the state governments.
- Increased use of chemicals and pesticides for production and storage has also significantly contributed to the increase in adulterated food items in the market.
Steps taken to reduce the food adulteration:
- Food safety officers appointed by each state government randomly take food samples from markets. These are then tested in the 123 government laboratories spread across the country.
- The state governments then send the results to FSSAI which calculates the figures and takes necessarily action.
- As per the new rules a food business operator involved in the manufacture, storage, distribution or retail of food items can be punished if the food item is not up to the mark.