Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi Current Affairs - 2020

Justice Bobde recommended as next CJI

Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi has recommended Justice SA Bobde as his successor. CJI Gogoi will demit his office on November 17, 2019. He was sworn in as the 46th CJI on October 3, 2018.

According to the Memorandum of Procedure, the appointment to the office of Chief Justice of India should be of the senior most judge of the Supreme Court. The CJI vacating the office recommends the name to the law minister and the minister puts it before the PM who advises the president on the matter.

Justice Bobde

Sharad Arvind Bobde is the current Judge of Supreme Court(SC) of India and a former Chief Justice of Madhya Pradesh High Court. He is due to retire on 23 April 2021. He comes from a Nagpur-based lawyer family. His grandfather was a lawyer and his father Arvind Bobde was an advocate in Maharashtra. Bobde elder brother late Vinod Arvind Bobde was a constitutional expert and was a senior Supreme Court Lawyer

Notable Judgements of Justice Bobde

  • Aadhar-Along with Justice Chelameswar and Chokkalingam Nagappan he ratified an earlier order of SC. The judgement clarified that no Indian citizen without an Aadhaar card can be deprived of basic services and government subsidies
  • Religious-The ban by the Karnataka Government of a book by Mate Mahadevi on the ground it outraged religious feelings of the followers of Lord Basavanna. The judgement was pronounced by a 2-judge bench of Supreme Court that comprised of Justice Nageswara Rao and Justice Bobde
  • Environment-The sales of fire crackers were suspended due to extreme pollution based on the judgement pronounced by a 3-judge bench that comprised of Justice TS Thakur, Justice Arjan Kumar Sikri and Justice Bobde

5-Judge Constitution Bench to hear Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid Case

The Supreme Court has formed a 5-Judge Constitution Bench to hear Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid Case. The bench would be headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi and comprise of justices SA Bobde, NV Ramana, UU Lalit and DY Chandrachud.

What is the case?

In the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid Case 14 appeals were filed against the 2010 Allahabad High Court judgment. The verdict of the Allahabad High Court judgment had partitioned the 2.77-acre land equally among the three parties – the Sunni Waqf Board, the Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla.

The Allahabad High Court had concluded that Lord Ram, son of King Dashrath, was born within the 1,482.5 square yards of the disputed Ramjanmabhoomi-Babri Masjid premises over 9,00,000 years ago during the Treta Yuga.

Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid Dispute

The Babri Masjid-Ram Janmabhoomi case is a property dispute over the land where the Babri Masjid, a 16th-century mosque once stood. The mosque was razed by kar sevaks on 6 December 1992.

The Hindu groups claim that the exact site of Lord Ram’s birthplace is where the Babri Masjid was once located. They argue that the Mughals demolished a Hindu shrine that marked the spot of Lord Ram’s birthplace and constructed a mosque in its place. Those opposed to this view argue that such arguments arose only in the 18th century and that there is no evidence for the spot being the birthplace of Rama.

The political, historical and socio-religious debate over the history and location of the Babri Mosque, and whether a temple was demolished or modified to create the Masjid has become the focal point of the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid Dispute.