Chief Minister Current Affairs - 2020

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Supreme Court seeks immediate floor test from Madhya Pradesh State Government

On March 17, 2020, the Supreme Court of India issued notice to the Madhya Pradesh State Government to conduct a floor test. A bench headed by Justice Chandrachud issued the notice.

What is the issue?

Jyotiraditya Scindia, who lost 2019 election in Madya Pradesh ended his 18 years association with Congress party and joined BJP. Following this, 16 Members of the Legislative Assembly who won elections with congress ticket submitted their resignation letter to the speaker of the assembly. The assembly commenced for the budget session recently. The speaker accepted their resignation.

Now, there is a question of majority in the house for which when appealed by the MLAs to the SC, the apex court has ordered for a floor test.

Floor Test

The Floor test is conducted in order to prove majority of a government. The Chief Minister or Prime Minister moves vote of confidence. If he gains majority support, he continues to remain in power else he has to resign.

Scindia

The Scindia family ruled the princely state of Gwalior. Jivajirao Scindia (grandfather of Jyotiraditya Scindiya) was the last Maharaja of princely state of Gwalior. His son Madhavrao Scindia was a titular ruler. The 26th amendment of constitution abolished the official symbols of princely states in the country. This put an end to titles, privy purses and privileges enjoyed.

26th Constitutional Amendment

The 26th Constitutional amendment put an end to the privy purse in India. Privy purse was the payment made by the royal families of princely states to stay integrated with India after independence. At the time of independence there were 555 princely states covering 48% of the area and 28% of the population. The rulers were free to make choice in joining India or stay independent. It was Sardar Vallbhbhai Patel, who initiated unification of the princely states.

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Judicial Complex Inaugurated at Amaravati

The Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi and Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu inaugurated the judicial complex in Amaravati. The judicial complex will house the interim High Court for Andhra Pradesh. The Chief Justice of India also laid the foundation stone for the construction of a permanent High Court to be built in Nelapadu of Guntur district.

The construction of new high court was necessitated after the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh in 2014. The High Court which was common for both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana till 2018 and recently the separate high courts were notified by the union government after the order from the Supreme Court.

Judicial complex in Amravati

The Judicial Complex in Amravati was built by Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority within a short span of eight months. The total construction cost is estimated around Rs 173 crores. As a temporary arrangement, the complex will house the High Court of Andra Pradesh.

Once the construction of the new high court at Nelapadu of Guntur district is completed, the complex will house the city civil court.

Originally the first High Court of Andra Pradesh was inaugurated on July 5, 1954, in Guntur and was moved to Hyderabad only in October 1956.

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