Chief of Defence Staff Current Affairs - 2020
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On December 31, 2019, General Bipin Rawat was appointed as the Chief of Defence Staff. He recently retired as Chief of Army Staff and was succeeded by General Manoj Mukund.
Recently, the Union Cabinet approved the post of Chief of Defence Staff in the rank of four star general. The salaries and perks of the CDS is equivalent to service chief. The CDS will also head the Department of Military affairs which is to be created with in the Ministry of Defence. He will act as the military advisor to the Government of India. The post was created in order to bring in reforms in military focusing on minimal use of resources with maximum output.
Chief of Defence Staff
The other countries that hold Chief of Defence Staff in the world includes Italy, France, China, Spain, UK, Canada and Japan. The history of creation of such as post goes back to 1940s. The idea of creation of such a post was mooted by Lord Mountbatten. However, officially the suggestion came in after Kargil war in 1999.
The Chief of Staff Committee was created to finalise the powers of CDS.
The four-star rank of an officer in India is given to 5 officers. It includes Admiral of Indian Navy, Air Chief Marshal of Indian Air Force, General of Indian Army and Director of Intelligence Bureau. Now, the rank is given to CDS officer as well.
Tags: Bipin Rawat • Chief of Defence Staff • General Bipin Rawat • Indian Air Force • Indian Army
The Cabinet Committee On Security (CCS) chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the creation of a Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) post that will function as a single point of contact for different branches of armed forces. CCS also approved the report of a high-level committee headed by National Security Advisor Ajit Doval, which finalised responsibilities and framework for operation of CDS.
In the present structure, the Chairman of Chiefs of Staff Committee (CSC) is Chief of Army Staff (CoAS) Bipin Rawat. However, he does not function in capacity of a CDS.
About Chief of Defence Staff (CDS)
A CDS would be a four-star general- from either of the Indian Armed Forces- the Army, the Air Force or the Navy and will be payable to a salary equal to a service chief. The CDS post will have a fixed term, that is yet to be determined. [All five permanent members (P-5 nations) of United Nations Security Council (UNSC)- have equivalent posts].
Role of CDS: Chief of Defence Staff, described as ‘first among equals’ among service chiefs, will be tasked with trimming weapons procurement procedures and integrating operation of Indian armed forces- Army, Air Force, Navy. CDA will act as a military adviser to Government of India and will also head Department of Military Affairs. CDS would also be a single-point military advisor whose advice would be binding on service chiefs of Army, Air Force, Navy and who would have authority to direct them, along with authority to create theatre commands as and when needed.
To further sharpen coordination between forces and to make forces even more effective, the Chief of Defence Staff – CDS position was announced by PM Modi during his Independence Day speech on 15 August 2019 year. The concept was also strongly backed by late Manohar Parrikar, who was Defence Minister for two years during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s first term. However, a CDS to oversee military was first recommended by the Kargil Review Committee– a committee set up after Kargil War (1999), to examine lapses in security after war, in which Pakistani soldiers infiltrated into India, occupied key positions in Kargil mountains and triggered the war.
Other Committees: Government’s approval to CDS post that will strengthen India’s collective defence capabilities, also comes after considering-
- Naresh Chandra Committee Report– ‘Report of Task Force on National Security’
- General Shekatkar Committee Report– ‘Committee of Experts on Enhancing Capability and Rebalance Defence Expenditure’, chalked out a strategy for higher defence management.
Tags: Cabinet Committee on Security • CDS • Chief of Defence Staff • Chiefs of Staff Committee • Narendra Modi