Child Labour Current Affairs - 2020

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CRY Report on Crime against Children in India

The Child Rights and You recently released a report “How Vulnerable are Children in India to crime?” The report was based on the analysis of National Crime Records Bureau for 2016-17. The report says that the states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh topped the list of states for crimes against children. There were over 19,000 cases in both the states.

Key Findings

The highest increase in crimes between the years 2016 and 2017 was seen in Jharkhand. The Child labor in the country saw a substantial increase of 126%. The report says that in 2016 child labor was 204 and it increased to 462 in 2017. As far as Child Marriage is concerned there was an increase of 21.17%. The numbers were based on the cases registered under Prohibition of Child Marriage Act (PCMA), 2006.

Though the numbers in child labor and child marriage has increased, CRY considers it as a positive step. This is because among all the other child crimes, these two are the most unreported.

Recommendations of the CRY

The organization suggests that there has to be increase in financial investments in child protection. The focus should be on capacity building among officials working in child protection systems.

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 International Day for the Abolition of Slavery: December 2

The International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is observed on December 2 every year with an objective to raise awareness about slavery and its impact on the society. This day marks adaptation of resolution ‘Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Prostitution of Others’ by United Nations (UN) General Assembly on 2 December 1949.The focus of this day is on eradicating contemporary forms of slavery, such as trafficking in persons, sexual exploitation, forced marriage, worst forms of child labour and forced recruitment of children for use in armed conflict.

Modern slavery

According to International Labour Organisation (ILO) more than 40 million people worldwide are victims of modern slavery. There are 5.4 victims of modern slavery for every 1,000 people in the world. 1 in 4 victims of modern slavery are children. Though modern slavery is not defined in law, it is used as umbrella term covering practices such as forced labour, forced marriage, human trafficking and debt bondage. Thus, it can be referred as to situations of exploitation that person cannot refuse or leave because of threats, violence, coercion, deception or abuse of power. ILO has adopted new legally binding Protocol designed to strengthen global efforts to eliminate forced labour, which entered into force in November 2016.

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