Child Labour Current Affairs - 2019
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The International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is observed on December 2 every year with an objective to raise awareness about slavery and its impact on the society. This day marks adaptation of resolution ‘Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Prostitution of Others’ by United Nations (UN) General Assembly on 2 December 1949.The focus of this day is on eradicating contemporary forms of slavery, such as trafficking in persons, sexual exploitation, forced marriage, worst forms of child labour and forced recruitment of children for use in armed conflict.
According to International Labour Organisation (ILO) more than 40 million people worldwide are victims of modern slavery. There are 5.4 victims of modern slavery for every 1,000 people in the world. 1 in 4 victims of modern slavery are children. Though modern slavery is not defined in law, it is used as umbrella term covering practices such as forced labour, forced marriage, human trafficking and debt bondage. Thus, it can be referred as to situations of exploitation that person cannot refuse or leave because of threats, violence, coercion, deception or abuse of power. ILO has adopted new legally binding Protocol designed to strengthen global efforts to eliminate forced labour, which entered into force in November 2016.
The Union Ministry of Labour and Employment launched Platform for Effective Enforcement for No Child Labour (PENCIL) Portal at National Conference on Child Labour.
The PENCIL portal is an electronic platform that aims at involving Centre, State, District, Governments, civil society and general public in achieving the target of child labour free society.
It encompasses various components- Child Tracking System, Complaint Corner, State Government, National Child Labour Project and Convergence. Each district will nominate District Nodal Officers (DNOs) who will receive the complaints. Within 48 hours of receiving complaints, DNOs will check genuineness of complaint and take rescue measures in coordination with police, if complaint is genuine. So far, 7 states have appointed DNOs.
National Child Labour Project (NCLP)
NCLP is central sector scheme launched in in 1988 for rehabilitation of child labour. Under it, special schools/rehabilitation centres for rehabilitation of child labourers are opened so that they can be mainstreamed into formal schooling system. These centres also provide nonformal education, vocational training, supplementary nutrition and stipend to children withdrawn from employment.
SOPs for enforcement of legal framework against child labour
Government also launched Standing Operating Procedures (SOPs) for enforcement of legal framework against child labour. The SOPs aims at creating a ready reckoner for trainers, practitioners and monitoring agencies to ensure complete prohibition of child labour and protection of adolescents from hazardous labour ultimately leading to Child Labour Free India. They will be useful to the enforcement agencies