Child Labour Current Affairs - 2020

World Bank: Decline of Money sent by Migrant Workers by 110 billion USD

On April 22, 2020, the World Bank announced that the amount of money sent back by the migrant workers to their home countries is to decrease by 110 billion USD.

Highlights

Due to the COVID-19 lock down, the remittances to low-income and middle-income countries are to fall by 20%. The decline in remittance is the highest in the history. This is greater than 2008 financial crisis.

In 2019, the remittance reached all time high of 554 billion USD. The World Bank expects that the foreign remittances are expected to grow next year and recover by 5.6%. This year, in 2020, the remittances are expected to be between 445 billion USD and 470 billion USD.

Migrant Workers

The major regions of the world receiving remittances from Migrant workers include sub Saharan Africa, South Asia, South America.

Implications

These remittances helped countries alleviate poverty, improve nutrition and reduce child labour.

International Labour Organization

According to ILO, the migrant workers account to 258 million in the world.

CRY Report on Crime against Children in India

The Child Rights and You recently released a report “How Vulnerable are Children in India to crime?” The report was based on the analysis of National Crime Records Bureau for 2016-17. The report says that the states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh topped the list of states for crimes against children. There were over 19,000 cases in both the states.

Key Findings

The highest increase in crimes between the years 2016 and 2017 was seen in Jharkhand. The Child labor in the country saw a substantial increase of 126%. The report says that in 2016 child labor was 204 and it increased to 462 in 2017. As far as Child Marriage is concerned there was an increase of 21.17%. The numbers were based on the cases registered under Prohibition of Child Marriage Act (PCMA), 2006.

Though the numbers in child labor and child marriage has increased, CRY considers it as a positive step. This is because among all the other child crimes, these two are the most unreported.

Recommendations of the CRY

The organization suggests that there has to be increase in financial investments in child protection. The focus should be on capacity building among officials working in child protection systems.