Child Trafficking Current Affairs - 2020
In 2011, the Supreme Court had constituted a panel to submit its report on children and women trafficking. The panel submitted its report in 2019. It had recommended NCRB (National Crime Records Bureau) to compile data on missing children and women trafficking. The key findings of the report prepared by NCRB is as follows
The report says that the common causes of trafficking are sexual exploitation, child labour and domestic help. Mumbai and Kolkata reported maximum number of trafficking.
Maharashtra reported the maximum number of missing women and Madhya Pradesh reported maximum number of cases of missing children. Of all the states, Odisha reported maximum rise in missing women cases. The percentage of increase in Odisha was around 143% in 2018 as compared to the previous year. The report also quoted data from United Nations.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
The UNODC Global Report, 2018, reported that the 35% of victims trafficked were for forced labour. Also, more than half of the reported cases were females.
Tags: Child Trafficking • Human Trafficking • Internal Security • NCRB • Odisha
On the occasion of Children’s Day on 14 November 2019, the Assam State Commission for Protection of Child Rights (ASCPCR) launched a mobile app called ‘Sishu Suraksha’, an e-complaint box for child right violations. The ASCPCR decided to develop an e-complaint box, keeping in mind the mission of a Digital India.
About Sishu Suraksha App
Objective of App: To empower citizens to take moral responsibility of protecting future generations.
The name Sishu Suraksha means child protection in English. It will enable users from all over Assam to lodge complaints about violation of child rights, in swipe of their fingers.
The e-complaint box will run on android and iOS devices. The app can be used by anyone in the state to lodge a complaint which will be directly registered at Commission.
The app will ease the people as one of the major challenges is that most people are not aware of where to go and report a case of child rights violation.
Need: In monitoring visits to various districts in state, the Assam State Commision for Protection of Child Rights excercising the powers and functions mandated under the Commission for protection of Child Rights Act 2005 (CPCR Act, 2005) observed that the message of protection of rights of children is yet to reach the masses. ASPCR also reported that there has been a 55% increase in number of child trafficking cases in the state in 2019.