Children Current Affairs - 2019
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The Rajasthan Legislative Assembly has passed The Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Bill, 2018 providing for death penalty for convicts involved in rape of girls below 12 years of age.
- The Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Bill, 2018 adds sections 376-AA and 376-DD to the Indian Penal Code, 1860.
- These amendments say that a person who is convicted of raping/gang-raping a girl up to twelve years of age, shall be given a death sentence or rigorous imprisonment, which shall not be less than fourteen years and 20 years, respectively.
- The amendment bill also provides to award life sentence and life imprisonment to child rapists to ensure that the convict doesn’t get out of the jail even after completing 14 years of sentence.
With this bill, Rajasthan has become second state after Madhya Pradesh to award death penalty and lifetime imprisonment to child rapists. In 2017, Madhya Pradesh assembly had passed ‘The Penal Law (Madhya Pradesh Amendment) Bill-2017’, which awarded death to similar convicts.
According to study published in journal Environmental Pollution, exposure to air pollution can have damaging effects on children’s cognitive development and reduce their working memory.
The study has assessed impact of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and black carbon— a pollutant directly related to traffic during walking commute to and from school.
The study findings show that 20% of child’s daily dose of black carbon is inhaled during urban commutes. These short exposures to very high concentrations of pollutants can have a disproportionately high impact on health. The detrimental effects may be particularly marked in children because of their smaller lung capacity and higher respiratory rate.
Statistical analysis of findings also showed that exposure to PM2.5 and black carbon (BC) causes reduction in growth of working memory. The interquartile range increase in PM 2.5 and black carbon levels were associated with a decline of working memory by 4.6% and 3.9%, respectively, in expected annual growth.