Children with disabilities Current Affairs - 2020
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Recently GoI extended the deadline for Accessible India Campaign to March 2020. The main objective of the campaign is to make public spaces friendly for persons with disabilities.
About the campaign
The campaign is also called Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan. The scheme was launched by Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. The initiative is in line with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities to which India signed in 2007. The scheme was also launched under Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995. Under the act, the scheme comes under the jurisdiction of sections 44, 45 and 46 that provides equal opportunities and protection of rights in transport sector to those who are physically challenged.
Targets of the campaign
The campaign aims at making at least 50% of government owned buildings as disabled-friendly. It was aimed at doing in three phases. In phase 1, the campaign focused on making international airports disabled-friendly by 2016. In phase 2, it aimed at making 25% of public transport vehicles disabled-friendly by 2017. In phase 3, it aimed at making 50% of government buildings disabled-friendly.
Tags: Accessible India Campaign • Children with disabilities • Disabilities • Persons with Disabilities • Right of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016
The State of the Education Report for India 2019: Children with Disabilities, was recently launched at an event organized by UNESCO in New Delhi. The event was attended by more than 200 representatives from government, civil society, academia, partners and youth.
To be published annually, the 2019 edition of report is 1st of its kind published by UNESCO New Delhi. It highlights accomplishments and challenges with regards to Right to Education (RTE) of children with disabilities (CWDs).
Key findings of Report
Based on extensive research of national and international documents of reference, the report provides comprehensive and detailed information on present state of education of CWDs and submits 10 key suggestions to policy makers.
Bodies involved: It is Prepared by Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) and commissioned by UNESCO.
Citing 2011 census data, report showed that there are more than 78 lakh CWDs in India between age group of 5-19 years. 27% of these CWDs between (ages 5 to 19) have never attended any educational institution.
Nearly 75% of 5 year olds who have certain disabilties, do not go to any educational institution.
In schools there are fewer girls with disabilities than boys.
The proportion of CWDs who are out of school is higher than overall proportion of out-of-school children at national level.
Home-based education: In many parts of rural India, if a parent opts for home-based education, the child may not be getting an education at all as it often exists only on paper for CWDs.
Challenges: Inadequate allocations, delays in releasing funds and under-utilisation of allocation remain key challenges in financing education for CWDs.
Differences noted among various types of disabilities
Only 20% of children with impairments related to Visual and Hearing had never been in school. However, among children with multiple disabilities or mental illness, that figure rose to more than 50%.
Amend the Right to Education (RTE) Act, 2009 to make it align with the Right of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016.
Data: There is a need to strengthen data on children with disabilities which can help in effective planning, implementation and monitoring of their education.
Campaign: There should be concentrated campaigns and large scale awareness which can improve the attitude towards children with disabilities in the classroom and beyond.
Mechanism under Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) is needed to coordinate all education programmes for children with disabilities across departments. This would help remove inconsistencies and achieve synergy in the various measures aimed at their education.
About United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
It seeks to build peace through international cooperation in Education, Sciences and Culture.
UNESCO’s programmes contribute towards achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) defined in Agenda 2030, adopted by UN General Assembly (UNGA) in 2015.
It fosters scientific programmes and policies as platforms for development and cooperation.
Tags: Children with disabilities • Right of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016 • Right to Education (RTE) Act 2009 • State of the Education Report for India 2019: Children with Disabilities • Tata Institute of Social Sciences