Chile Current Affairs - 2020

68 Million Years Old Egg discovered from Antarctica

In 2011, on the Seymour Island of Antarctica, a group of scientists from South American Nation Chile discovered a fossil 200 meters away from the spot where the fossil of a 10-meter long Mosasaur (an ancient reptile) was unearthed.

The fossil, since then was kept at a museum in Chile and was named ‘The Thing’ as for over the next 7 years scientists kept on trying to resolve the football-sized mysterious fossil.

Finally, on 17th June 2020, a study was published in the Journal Nature, according to which the fossil named “The Thing’ was the second-largest egg in terms of size (29 by 20 centimeters) that has been discovered to date. It is the second largest to the Madagascan Elephant Bird (extinct) egg and also the largest soft-shelled egg on record.

Scientists however in their study were not able to identify the animal that laid the egg. The animal that had laid the egg could be up to 17 meters tall and at least 7 meters long.

There have been opinions from scientists that the fossil egg might belong to a Mosasaur, in this case then this could be the only Mosasaur fossil egg to have been discovered to date.

Birth of New Planets witnessed first time in human history

The SPHERE instrument of the Very Large Telescope has captured the birth of new planet in the AB Aurigae star system recently. This is the first time in human history the birth of a star is being witnessed.

Highlights

The birth of the new star was depicted by the European Southern Observatory. The image depicts orange mass of gas. The mass showing the cosmic matter of the universe at gravitational tipping point is exactly the sign for a star system to be born.

The spiral formation was captured by the telescope as well. The formation confirms the presence of a baby planet.

About Very Large Telescope

Very Large Telescope, also called VLT is located in European Southern Observatory, northern Chile. It consists of four telescopes. They are generally used separately. However, when used together gives the highest resolution.

The VLT operates at Infrared wavelength. The telescope is capable of detecting objects four billion times fainter than it can be detected with naked eye.