China-US Current Affairs - 2020

Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China

A group of eight democracies have launched Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China. It is an international cross-party group of legislators that are working towards reforms on democratic countries approach towards China.

Highlights

The Alliance was formed by Japan, United Kingdom, Australia, Germany, Lithuania, Norway, Netherlands and USA. The European Union was also present when the representatives from these countries discussed about issues related to China.

Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China

The Alliance follows two principles namely

  • Free, open and rules-based international cooperation to support human dignity
  • The Democratic states should maintain integrity in their political systems.

Background

The Alliance has met during a time when China is trying to dilute autonomy of Hong Kong. Also, during the time when several countries are raising concerns about origin of COVID-19.

About the alliance

The alliance is an international group of legislators that are working towards reforms on how countries approach China. The mission monitors developments and assists legislators to craft strategic approach on the issues related to China. The activities of the alliance fall into the following areas

  • Upholding human rights
  • Safeguarding international rules
  • Promoting fair trade
  • Strengthen security
  • Protect national integrity

China objects the presence of US THAAD missile in South Korea

THAAD is Terminal High Altitude Area Defense. It is a transportable and ground-based missile defense system.

What is the issue?

China believes that US is exerting its influence over South Korea and Japan. This may interfere China’s long term diplomatic, military and economic interests in the region. China has been reiterating its long-standing objections about the presence of US THAAD missile defence system in South Korea.

South Korea-China

US announced that THAAD missile system operated in the South Korean soil is a counter measure against attacks by North Korea. In 2017, the tensions in the region escalated when North Korea test fired its missiles in the direction of US bases in Japan.

About THAAD

The THAAD is an anti-ballistic missile system. It was developed after the US experiences in the Gulf War, 1991. THAAD has been deployed in Israel, UAE, Romania and South Korea. THAAD is capable of destroying missiles by colliding with them. It uses Kinetic Kill Technology to achieve this.