cholera Current Affairs - 2020

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LANCET Report on Health and Climate Change, 2019

On November 13, 2019, the Lancet journal published report on “Health and Climate Change, 2019.” The Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change is a comprehensive yearly analysis that tracks the progress across 41 indicators. The project is a collaboration of 120 experts from premier institutions all over the world including WHO and World Bank.

Highlights of the report: India

  • In India, diarrheal infections were the major cause of child mortality
  • The average yield potential of rice and maize in the country declined by 2% since 1960s
  • The average yield potential of winter wheat and soybean has declined by 1%
  • Due to increased sea level, there will be rise in infections like gastroentitis, cholera, etc. The climate suitability for Vibro bacteria that causes Cholera will increase the disease by 3% as compared to 1980s
  • Malnutrition is the responsible for two-thirds of deaths under five

Highlights of the report: World

  • Climate Change threats to fisheries and aquaculture according to the report are as follows
    • Sea-level rise
    • Sea surface temperature rise
    • Ocean Acidification
    • Intense and Frequent extreme weather events
  • Mortality due to Dengue will increase globally
  • WBGT (Wet Bulb Globe Temperature measurement): WBGT is the measure of heat stress that takes into account humidity, temperature, wind speed, cloud cover and sun angle.
    • The report warned according to WBGT that 22 billion additional hours of work will be lost due to extreme heat.

The temperature rise will lead to productivity loss at 0.8 to 5%.

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UNSC Votes to end Peacekeeping Operations in Haiti

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) voted unanimously voted for the resolution to completely end its peacekeeping operations in Haiti on October 15.

The resolution also called for establishing a political mission to support government efforts to promote order and development in Haiti situated in Latin America.

UN Peace Keeping Mission in Haiti

U.N. Peace Keeping Mission in Haiti was known as MINUSTAH, a French acronym which stood for “The United Nations is not leaving.”

MINUSTAH began operations in Haiti in 2004, when a violent rebellion swept the country and forced then-President Jean-Bertrand Aristide out of power and into exile. The goals of MINUSTAH included restoring security and rebuilding the shattered political institutions.

The mission with additional help from the U.S. and other nations is credited with stabilizing the country, particularly after the January 2010 earthquake, and building up the national police force.

But the Peace Keeping Mission was viewed as an affront to national sovereignty. The Mission was also blamed for sexual exploitation. a UN report has even documented the sexual exploitation of nine children on the island from 2004-2007 at the hands of at least 134 peacekeepers. The Mission was also seen as responsible for inadvertently introducing the deadly cholera bacteria to the country

UNSC Resolution

UN military peacekeepers had already left Haiti on October 2017. But a stabilization group had stayed back to train national police, help the government strengthen judicial and legal institutions and monitor human rights.

The UNSC resolution gives a final six-month period for such operations and asks Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to plan a political mission.

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