Chronic Respiratory Disease Current Affairs - 2020

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November 20: World COPD Day-marked by WHO

The WHO (World Health Organization) and Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) organizes World COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Day on the third Wednesday of November every year. It was first launched in 1997 by WHO, GOLD and other institutes in the US. This year the day is marked to create awareness in the

Theme: All Together to End COPD

Significance

COPD is currently the fourth major cause of death in the world. Diagnosing COPD condition is hard and is considered of the majorly under-diagnosed disease. Often the disease is confused with Asthma.

With increasing pollution, it is essential to create awareness about COPD among the public. Experts believe that COPD is likely to increase in the coming years with increasing pollution.

Creating awareness about the disease also becomes important as it is not curable but is preventable.

India

India has to increase its awareness campaign on COPD for two reasons namely pollution and smoking. India is home to 3 of the 10 highly polluted cities in the world according to the Skymet report. It includes Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata. According to WHO, 12% of world smokers are from India.

In India the prevalence of the disease has increased by 29.2% between 1990 and 2016 according to the International Journal of Pulmonary and Respiratory Sciences. The highest incidence of the disease in the country is in the states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.

What is COPD?

COPD is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. It causes severe breathlessness and predisposes to exacerbations.

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31 May: World No Tobacco Day observed

On May 31 every year the World Health Organization (WHO) and its global partners celebrate World No Tobacco Day (WNTD). Theme for year 2019 was ‘tobacco and lung health’.

About World No Tobacco Day

  • Objective: The annual campaign seeks to create awareness about harmful and deadly effects of tobacco consumption and second-hand (passive) smoke exposure on human health and also to discourage tobacco consumption in any form.
  • Significance: With focus of World No Tobacco Day 2019 being on theme “tobacco and lung health”, campaign aims to raise awareness on –
  1. Negative impact of tobacco on people’s lung health such as from cancer to chronic respiratory disease.
  2. The fundamental role played by lungs for health and well-being of all people.

Celebration in India

  • On the occasion of World No Tobacco Day 2019, Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare organized a national consultation in collaboration with World Health Organization (WHO) on ‘tobacco and lung health’ in New Delhi.
  • About Consultation Event: The consultation was aimed to raise awareness about negative impacts of any form of tobacco consumption on lung health and cancer causing micro-elements in it.  The theme of event was ‘Don’t Let Tobacco Take Your Breath Away – Choose Health Not Tobacco’

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