CII Current Affairs - 2019
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The government had introduced the FAME II scheme to boost the adoption of electric and hybrid vehicles in the country. The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has made the following observations about the scheme:
- It estimates that India can save 64% of anticipated road-based mobility-related energy demand and 37% of carbon emissions in 2030 by pursuing a shared, electric, and connected mobility future.
- This reduction in energy demand would result in the reduction of 156 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe) in diesel and petrol consumption for that year and net saving of approximately $60 billion in 2030 at present oil prices.
- Further, this would give impetus to India’s vision of reducing oil imports by 10% by 2022.
- The electric vehicle penetration in India is currently at just 1%, FAME alone is not enough to reach the 30% electric vehicles target by 2030.
- CII calls for boosting of the domestic manufacturing of vehicles, components and batteries needed to be boosted, along with skill development across the value chain, and the strategic sourcing of key raw material.
- For transport to go truly green, there must be accompanied by a rising share of renewables along with environmentally sustainable batteries.
Transport sector in India continues to be the highest oil consuming sector and the use of diesel and petrol grew at 5.9% and 9.9% respectively in the last 10 years. India’s import dependency on oil has increased from 78.3 per cent of total consumption in 2014-15 to settling at a new high of 83.7% in the 10-month period of FY19. Hence FAME scheme has multiple benefits for both the economy and environment.
Union Ministry of Commerce and Industries had organised a Conclave on India-Africa Project Partnerships in association with Confederation of Indian Industry and EXIM Bank of India.
The conclave is held every year since its inception in 2005 brings together senior Ministers, policymakers, officials, business leaders, bankers, technologists, start-up entrepreneurs and other professionals from India and Africa on a common platform in a spirit of partnership.
Features of the Conclave
- The conclave marks the pre-eminence of India-Africa partnership in the area of South-South Cooperation at a time when the global economy is faced with intractable challenges that stem from rising protectionism and trade conflicts.
- The conclave acknowledges India’s ascendency as the fastest growing major economy, as well as Africa’s new economic dynamism illustrated by some of the Sub-Saharan economies which are among the top 10 fastest growing economies in the world.
- The conclave is in line with the Indian Government’s broader vision of long-term engagement with Africa. India’s unflinching commitment to expanding the canvas of India-Africa economic partnership which is evident from the increase in bilateral trade between India and Africa by nearly 22% from last year touching USD 62.66 billion in the year 2017-18.
The deliberations during the conclave focused upon the potential areas for bilateral economic and business partnerships, core capabilities of Indian and African enterprises and opportunities for joint ventures thereof, innovative financing of significant development projects, skill development and capacity building.