Citizenship Act 1955 Current Affairs

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Citizenship Amendment Bill passed in Lok Sabha

The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was passed in Lok Sabha. The protests have erupted in Assam against the passage of the bill. The people of Assam fear that the amendment bill undermines the Assam Accord of 1985.

Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019

The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 seeks to amend the citizenship Act, 1955.  The features of the amendment bill are:

  • The bill aims to grant Indian citizenship to all persecuted religious minorities like Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists and Parsis from three neighbouring countries of Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
  • The bill is applicable to all states and union territories of the country and the beneficiaries of the can reside in any part of the country.
  • The bill when passed would provide a big relief to the persecuted migrants who have come through western borders of the country to States like Gujarat, Rajasthan, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, and other states.

As per the reports, the government would set the cut off date at December 31, 2014, to provide citizenship to persecuted religious minorities.

Addressing the concerns against the Bill

The Union Home Minister provided the following assurance to allay fears about the bill:

  • The burden of the persecuted migrants will be shared by the entire country and not by Assam alone.
  • The Union Home Minister also assured full support for the state governments in the implementation of the bill.

Protestors led by Krishak Mukti Sangram Samiti (KMSS) in Assam have imposed an economic blockade and have said that they would not allow locally produced oil, petroleum products, coal, forest products and limestone to be taken out of the state.

Month: Categories: Bills and ActsUPSC Current Affairs - 2019

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Centre sets up Bezbaruah committee to review the implementation of clause 6 of Assam Accord

As per the announcement made to set up a high-level committee to review the implementation of clause 6 of the Assam Accord, the government has set up a committee headed by former Union tourism secretary M.P. Bezbaruah.

Terms of Reference of the committee

Clause 6 of the Assam Accord provides for Constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguards to protect preserve and promote the cultural, social, linguistic identity and heritage of the Assamese people. The committee set up to review the implementation of clause 6 of the Assam Accord will look into the following aspects:

  • The committee will examine the effectiveness of actions since 1985 to implement the clause 6 of the Assam Accord.
  • The committee will also suggest constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguards as envisaged in clause 6.
  • The committee will examine the measures to be taken to protect Assamese and other indigenous languages of Assam.
  • The committee will assess the quantum of reservation in employment under the government of Assam and other measures to protect, preserve and promote the cultural, social, linguistic identity and heritage of Assamese people.
  • The committee will assess the required quantum of reservation of seats in Assam assembly and local bodies for Assamese people.

The committee will be facilitated by the Noth East Division of the Home Ministry. The state government will provide the necessary administrative and logistic support to the committee.

Criticisms against the move

The State government has welcomed the move saying that the committee will work to fulfil a long-standing demand of the people of Assam to reserve seats in the assembly and local bodies for the indigenous people.

There is also criticism that the committee is an attempt to cover up the central government’s move to amend the Citizenship Act, 1955 which aims to grant citizenship to immigrants. It is said that some provisions of the amendment bill are contrary to the Assam Accord.

Month: Categories: India Current Affairs 2018

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