citizenship amendment bill Current Affairs - 2020

Ordinance passed by the Uttar Pradesh Government to recover damages of protests

On March 16, 2020, the Uttar Pradesh Government passed ordinance, “Recovery of Damages to public and private property ordinance, 2020”. The ordinance aims to deal with violent acts and control its persistence. It will also provide recovery of public and private property damages.

UP Protests

In December 2019, the Government of India passed the Citizenship Amendment Act. The act provides citizenship only to non-Muslim refugees. The protestors are of the opinion that the act is discriminating against Muslims in the country.

Article 213

The Governor of a state has powers to pass ordinance under Article 213. The Governor under the article has powers to promulgate an ordinance without permission of the President. The ordinance shall be promulgated only when both legislative assembly and legislative council are not in session.

The Governor also has powers to withdraw the ordinance. The ordinance has to be passed by the legislative assembly as it commences after the passage of the ordinance. If not passed, the ordinance will cease to exist within 6 weeks of the commencement of the ordinance. The assembly shall also pass a resolution against the ordinance exhibiting its disagreement.

UNHRC files in Supreme Court on Citizenship Amendment Act

On March 3, 2020, the United Nation Human Rights Commission moved to Supreme Court on the matter of Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA). The commission has filed a case challenging CAA.

India on the Move of UNHRC

India believes that the CAA is an internal matter of the country. Also, according to India, CAA is constitutionally valid.

What is the issue?

The Citizenship Amendment Act was passed in 2019. The act amends Citizenship Act 1955. It seeks to give nationality only to 6 religious communities (Hindus, Christians, Jains, Buddhists, Parsis and Sikhs) if they entered India before 31 December 2014. It does not include Muslims. Also, the act does not include other refugees such as Rohingya from Myanmar and Tamils from Sri Lanka.

Significance of the act

According to GoI, the partition of India failed to protect the minorities in Pakistan and Bangladesh. India and Pakistan were partitioned under Nehru-Liaqat pact in 1950. Pakistan announced itself as a Muslim nation while India became secular. Even after independence, India has constantly conceded that minorities in Pakistan are its responsibilities.

The act was passed to protect them according to GoI.