Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019 Current Affairs - 2020

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Resolution against CAA in European Parliament; India’s Measures

On January 29, 2020, the European Parliament is set to discuss the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA).

Highlights

Though the resolution made by the parliament do not affect the decision of the European Council or commission, it might impinge the bilateral relations between India and European Union. PM Modi is to visit Brussels in March 2020 to attend India-EU summit and the External Affairs Minister is scheduled to visit in mid-February.

Six Resolutions

Around six resolutions are to be taken up for discussion in the EU Parliament. It includes

  • Implementation of NRC in Assam and the security lock down in Jammu and Kashmir
  • Resolution moved by the S&D Group is one of largest resolution with 154 members supporting it. According to the resolution, the CAA has the potential to create largest statelessness crisis in the world. S&D group is the Socialist and Democratic Group
  • The resolution by EPP Group with 182 members supporting it says that the law could have negative international image for India. The EPP Group is the European People’s Party Group.

India’s Measures

The Lok Sabha Speaker has written to the European Parliament requesting the EU parliament to respect sovereign processes of fellow legislatures.

Also, India believes that CAA is an internal matter and is not yet settled within India. There are more than 20 pending cases on CAA in the Supreme Court.

However, there has not been any official response towards EU’s move from the Ministry of External Affairs.

Supreme Court on CAA

The Supreme Court on January 22, 2020 pronounced its decision on CAA without hearing the case. The apex court has given 4 weeks for the centre to respond to the petitions that challenged CAA.

India-EU relations

The European Union is India’s largest trading partner. The European Union account to 92 billion Euros (2018-19) of trade. It accounts to 18% of Indian Exports

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Supreme Court: Access to Internet-a fundamental right

On January 10, 2020, the Supreme Court of India said that Right of access to internet is a fundamental right. The Court had asked the administration of Jammu and Kashmir to review the curbs on internet in a week.

Lately the Indian Government had been using internet shut down as a tool to control protest in the country against the Citizenship Amendment Bill. It was predominant in the north eastern states.

Highlights

A three-member bench of the apex court heard on a batch of pleas against complete blockage of internet in Kashmir. Kashmir was shut out of internet for five months now, since abrogation of Article 370.

The bench pronounced that freedom of speech and expression and freedom to practice any business or trade over internet is constitutionally protected under Article 19 (1).

The judgement also read that Section 144 CrPC shall not be used to suppress freedom of speech and expression.

2016 UN Resolution

In 2016, the UNHRC (United Nations Human Rights Council) released a resolution that condemned disruption of internet access by government. Before passing the resolution UN quoted that there were 15 internet shut downs in 2015 and 20 in 2017. The UN referred to internet ban in Turkey after terrorist attacks, internet shut down in India after local protests and internet blockage in Algeria.

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