Clean Energy Current Affairs - 2020

Hydrogen Fuel Bus and car launched by NTPC

The National Thermal Power Corporation recently launched ten Hydrogen Fuel Cell based buses and 10 similar electric cars.

Highlights

The buses and cars were launched in New Delhi and Leh. Similar proposal is under implementation in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Other initiatives of NTPC

NTPC has been taking several such initiatives to provide e-mobility solution for public transport. This includes providing charging infrastructure and electric bus to state and city transport systems.

NTPC has so far commissioned 90 public charging stations in and around the city of Faridabad.

Why electric buses?

The initiative undertaken by NTPC to procure hydrogen fueled buses is to decarbonize transport system in the country.

Hydrogen Fuel Cell

The Hydrogen Fuel Cell use chemical process to convert hydrogen rich fuel into electricity. The main advantage of fuel cells is that they need not be charged frequently. They produce electricity as long as the fuel is available

In a Hydrogen Fuel cell, the hydrogen is passed through the anode, oxygen is passed through cathode. At anode, the hydrogen molecules are split into protons and electrons. The protons hence formed pass through electrolyte membrane. This forces electron to pass into the circuit, generating electric current.

Benefits

The major benefits of hydrogen fuel cells include high efficiency, low to zero emissions, fuel flexibility, quiet operation, durability and energy security.

IISD: India’s Renewable Subsidies decline by 35%

The Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CCEW) and International Institute of Sustainable Development (IISD) recently released a report called “Mapping India’s Energy Subsidies, 2020”.

Highlights

The report says that India’s energy subsidies have declined by 35% in 2019 as compared to 2017. On the other hand, the oil and gas subsidies have increase by 65%.

The report also says that the subsidy expenditure of the country is to be greatly affected by the COVID-19 crisis. The Economic stimulus package of India is to be the main source to drive the energy sector in the future.

Key Observations of the report

The institutes have observed that India has shifted from public resources towards clean energy in the last 6 years. The fossil fuel subsidies have dropped by more than half. On the other hand, the subsidies for electric vehicles and renewable energy have increased by three and a half times since 2014.

The subsidies of electric cars have increased by 11 times since 2017.