Clean Energy Current Affairs - 2020

11,000 scientists in 153 countries declare climate emergency

In a paper published in the journal BioScience, 11,258 signatories (69 from India) declared Global Climate Emergency. They presented climate change trends and methods to mitigate the threat. The report was titled “World Scientists”

It is based on the scientific analysis of more than 40 years of publicly available data. It illustrates several key climate change indicators since the scientists from 50 nations met at the First World Climate Conference in Geneva in 1979.

Highlights

  • The scientists present a list of measures called “Vital Signs” that better represent climate change. It includes measures of human activities that can change climate like air travel, meat production and fertility rate. These activities have been termed as backward steps that are worsening climate change further. In 20 years, the world fertility rate has reduced greatly claims the report.
  • They present 14 measures of impacts of climate change like number of extreme weather events, ocean heat content, ocean acidity, etc.
  • Massive energy efficiency and conservation practices to cut out “Neither use nor dig out fossils under the earth.”
  • The following are the six key objectives of the report
    • Replacing fossil fuels
    • Restoring and protecting ecosystems
    • Cutting pollutants like methane and soot
    • Eating less meat
    • Converting the economy to carbon-free
    • Stabilizing population growth

Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research launched

Union Minister of Science & Technology Harsh Vardhan launched an Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research (ICER) equipped with modern facilities for conducting a wide spectrum of energy research through knowledge network.

About Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research (ICER)

ICER is a first of its kind in India which is equipped with state-of-the-art facilities. This new centre would realise the vision of affordable, efficient, compact and reliable clean energy systems.

It was formed to conduct socially relevant research to benefit people directly. Also, translational research carried out by ICER faculty has resulted in technology transfers in India and abroad.

Research conducted here would be in line with various national missions to have more reach. ICER is also considering starting a new Master’s course on energy.

ICER plans to expand its activities in several energy-related areas with an emphasis on process and material development, in collaboration with manufacturing industry.

The centre is focused on developing sustainable technologies for renewable energy, combustion, next-generation solar photovoltaic, concentrated solar power, novel energy storage technologies, hydrogen, bio-mass and bio-fuels.