Clean Technology Current Affairs - 2020

April 26: World Intellectual Property Day

Every year, the World Intellectual Property Day is marked on April 26 to encourage creativity and innovation. The day was established by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2000. This year, the World Intellectual Property Day is being marked under the theme

Theme: Innovate for Green Future

Significance

The day is marked to celebrate inventors and creators working towards green future. They work towards fossil fuel-based alternatives.

History

The world Intellectual Property Day was first proposed by the Chinese Delegation of WIPO. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly in 1999.

World Intellectual Property Organization

The WIPO is one of the 15 United Nations Specialized agencies. It was created to protect and promote intellectual property. Around 26 intellectual treaties are administered by WIPO. The headquarters of WIPO is located in Geneva, Switzerland.

What are Specialized Agencies of United Nations?

The Specialized Agencies are autonomous organizations of the United Nations that were created on behalf of the organization. These specialized agencies are authorized to carry out functions on behalf of the United Nations. They include

  • Food and Agriculture Organization, FAO
  • International Civil Aviation Organization, ICAO
  • International Labour Organization, ILO
  • International Fund for Agricultural Development, IFAD
  • International Maritime Organization, IMO
  • International Telecommunication Union, ITU
  • UNESCO
  • World Bank
  • World Health Organization, WHO
  • World Meteorological Organization, WMO
  • World Tourism Organization, UNWTO
  • Universal Postal Union, UPU
  • United Nations Industrial Development Organization, UNIDO
  • World Intellectual Property Organization
  • International Monetary Fund

What is Intellectual Property?

The Intellectual Property are creations that are related to artistic works, literary works, symbols, images and names used in commerce.

IITM hosts India’s first Hyperloop Pod Competition-What is Hyperloop Pod?

For the first time in India IIT Madras is to host Hyperloop pod competition in July 2020. India has taken a few steps in bringing the environment friendly Hyperloop pod transport in the country.

Highlights

The Hyperloop Pod Transportation Project was approved by the Maharashtra Government to build the first Hyperloop line between Pune and Mumbai. Similarly, another project of Hyperloop pod transport has been undertaken between the cities of Vijayawada and Amaravati.

Similar projects are expected to operate in China, UAE as well.

International Competition

The International Competition of Hyperloop Pod Contest was initiated in 2015. The Competition is funded by SpaceX, a leading Space organization of USA.

What is Hyperloop Pod?

The Hyperloop is a sealed loop through which a pod travels. The travel time of the pod is greatly reduced as the pod travels in the tube without air resistance. It is a proposed freight and passenger transport system.

The Concept was introduced in 2013 and has been open sourced by SpaceX since them. This means that anyone in the world is free to use the concept and build on systems based on it.

The Technology

Hyperloop pod works on the same concept of maglev trains where the trains levitate over the tracks with the help of electro-magentic energy. The only difference here is that unlike maglev trains, the pods will run in a partial vacuum environment increasing the speeds and efficiency.