cleanliness Current Affairs - 2020

Results of Swachh Survekshan League, 2020 released

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs on December 31, 2019, released Swachh Survekshan League in New Delhi. Around 4,372 cities participated in the league. It is a cleanliness survey that helps in competitive federalism.

Highlights

In the category of 10 lakh plus population, Indore secured first place. Indore has remained in first place for the last three years. Following Indore, Bhopal and Surat are in second and third places respectively. In the category of population between one lakh and 10 lakhs, Jamshedpur was in 1st spot following New Delhi and Khargone.

Indicators

The focus of the survey was on waste water treatment, faecal sludge management. The survey also focused on implementation of ODF+, water plus and ODF++ protocols of the ministry of housing and urban affairs.

Significance

In Competitive Federalism, the relationship between Central and state governments are vertical and between the state governments are horizontal. The ranking of the cities based on cleanliness helps in promoting competition among them. The idea was mooted during economic reforms in the country in 1990s. The states will compete with each other that will help achieve efficiency in administration also will enhance developmental activities.

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Government launches technology challenge to eliminate human entry into septic tanks

Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoUHA) has launched Technology Challenge: Identifying solutions for cleaning of Sewerage Systems and Septic Tanks to promote suitable techniques for cleaning sewers and septic tanks it to eliminate need for human entry in them.

Key Features of Challenge

The main objective of the challenge is to eliminate human intervention in cleaning of sewers and septic tanks. It also aims to identify technological as well as business process innovations to avoid human intervention in cleaning of sewers and septic tanks. It will also endorse viable business models that are suitable for different size, geographies, and class of cities.

The challenge will be conducted for two separate categories. Category A: technological solutions for cleaning and maintenance of sewerage systems to eliminate need for human entry, Category B: technological solutions for cleaning and maintenance of septic tanks to eliminate need for human entry.

The challenge will be part of Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention that will be held on October 2, 2018. Individual innovators, consortium partners, companies, academic institutions, R&D centers, NGOs, Parastatal and municipal bodies can participate in this challenge.

Special jury comprising experts from MoUHA, faculty from IITs/IIMs and representatives of leading civil society groups will evaluate and scrutinize the technological solutions submitted by participants. They will broad criteria for evaluation of proposals will take into considerations, operational effectiveness of technology, life or durability of machinery, ease of use (automation), ease of availability and economies of scale, adaptability and Versatility, made in India and lastly environmentally sustainability.

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