Climate Change Current Affairs - 2020

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Baltic Sea: Seal Pups face tough winter due to reduced ice levels

The Seals need ice to keep themselves safe from predators such as wolves and foxes. However, the declining ice in the Baltic sea has disrupted their survivals


With depleting ice levels, the seals are forced to inhabit the islets (small islands) that they normally hesitate to inhabit. This has caused overcrowding and is disrupting the survival rates of their pups. Around 3,000 Seal pups are born on the Baltic Sea Coats every year.

The Grey Seals are the most common seals in these seas and have been categorized as “Least Concern” under IUCN Red List. However, experts believe that the depleting ice levels has raised concerns and it is time to change their conservation status.

Baltic Sea

Baltic Sea is a Mediterranean Sea. It is enclosed by Estonia, Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Sweden, Poland, Germany, Russia. The group of countries that are currently referred to Baltic states are Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania.

Helsinki Convention

The Helsinki Convention that was signed in 1992 is on the protection of the marine environment of Baltic Sea. It was signed by Russia, Estonia, Czechoslovakia, Estonia, Poland, USSR, Germany, Sweden, Latvia, Lithuania, Denmark and Finland.

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Earth Hour: A Symbolic Movement of “Lights OFF” to save environment

Since 2007, every year million participate in the campaign called “Earth Hour” on March 28. The event is organized by the World wide Fund


The event was first started in Sydney, Australia. The main aim of the marking Earth Hour is to call attention towards global warming, loss of biodiversity and climate change. During the one-hour campaign, businesses and people all over the world switch off unnecessary lights and electronic items between 8:30 PM and 9:30 PM.

The Earth Hour is held ever year on the last Saturday of March.


Every year, the support for the Earth Hour is increasing. This year many have taken the event to social media. This says that the awareness among people towards sustainability is increasing. The event also brings people together. It also pushes to bring about legislative changes including sustainable agriculture and renewable energy growth.

Turning OFF lights of major buildings of the world like Empire State, Eiffel Tower sends strong messages.

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