Climate Change Current Affairs - 2020

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India & World Bank sign Agreement of 210 million USD in agriculture and rural transformation

The Government of Maharashtra and World Bank signed a 210 million USD agreement to facilitate agriculture value chains, increase market access and build resilient crops.

Highlights

The Project is to be implemented in 36 districts of the state of Maharashtra. Around 43% of farmers and farm workers are expected to participate in the project. The main aim of the agreement is to facilitate small farmers compete agri-business investments and build crops resilient to flood and droughts.

It also aims in building Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures

Scenario in Maharashtra

Today, Maharashtra is the largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the country. It is also the largest exporter of pulses, fruits, cotton, vegetables and soybean. However, the area of cultivation of rice and wheat in the state has been declining constantly in the state.

Also, 43% of farm-workers and farmers participating in the project are women.

Other Programmes

India is also conducting other programmes under National Action Plan on Climate Change to promote climate smart technologies and practices and also use of less water.

Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures

These are measures that are applied to protect animal and human life from the risks of spread of pests, diseases, toxins and contaminants in food.

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World Economic Forum Survey: World loses hopes in Climate Science; Indians are most-trusting

The World Economic Forum published its opinion poll during its 50th annual meeting in Davos. The annual meeting was called for urgent upskilling and better climate education.

Highlights

According to the survey, India and Bangladesh are the most trusting people in climate science. The citizens of both the countries keep themselves updated about the happening of the world. Also, they trusted the climate scientists and their discoveries. India was followed by Bangladesh, Pakistan, China and Turkey.

On the other hand, Ukraine and Russia lagged the most when it comes to updating themselves about climate science.

The report says that the world has lost its trust in climate science. According the survey, the world believes that global warming is mainly due to human activities.

About the Survey

The Survey was held in 30 countries covering 76% of world population. The survey has been presented on the 2020 theme which is

Theme: Toward More Sustainable World and Toward a more Cohesive World.

Significance

The survey is important to learn about the status of mind and opinion of world population in different part. This forms the base to organize campaigns. The survey will now act as the major decision maker when it comes to design the type of awareness campaign to be adopted in a specific region.

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