Climate Resilient Current Affairs - 2020

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Global Potato Conclave to be held in Gujarat

The Global Potato Conclave is to be held between January 28 and January 31, 2020. PM Modi is to attend the conclave. PM Modi is to address the conclave.

Highlights

The conclave will hold live demonstrations of potato varieties, farm equipment, management practices. The conclave will include researchers from more than 30 countries and is to be conducted under 10 themes. It will cover next generation breeding practices, efficient management practices of potato cultivation, management strategies of potato diseases and pests. The themes of the conclave are as follows

  • Potato Biotechnology and Omics
  • Germplasm Management and Next Generation Breeding
  • AI and ICT in Potato R&D.
  • Potato Pest Management
  • Potato Disease Management
  • Technology transfer, social issues and policies
  • Potato Value Chain management
  • Advances in Seed Technology
  • Climate change and crop management
  • Post-harvest management and value addition.

Significance

After rice and wheat, potato is the third most important food crop in the world. The growth of potato has increased by 40% between 1961 and 2016. However, the area under potato production has decreased from 22.14 million hectares to 19.24 million hectares.

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India & World Bank sign Agreement of 210 million USD in agriculture and rural transformation

The Government of Maharashtra and World Bank signed a 210 million USD agreement to facilitate agriculture value chains, increase market access and build resilient crops.

Highlights

The Project is to be implemented in 36 districts of the state of Maharashtra. Around 43% of farmers and farm workers are expected to participate in the project. The main aim of the agreement is to facilitate small farmers compete agri-business investments and build crops resilient to flood and droughts.

It also aims in building Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures

Scenario in Maharashtra

Today, Maharashtra is the largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the country. It is also the largest exporter of pulses, fruits, cotton, vegetables and soybean. However, the area of cultivation of rice and wheat in the state has been declining constantly in the state.

Also, 43% of farm-workers and farmers participating in the project are women.

Other Programmes

India is also conducting other programmes under National Action Plan on Climate Change to promote climate smart technologies and practices and also use of less water.

Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures

These are measures that are applied to protect animal and human life from the risks of spread of pests, diseases, toxins and contaminants in food.

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