Climate-Resilient Agriculture Current Affairs - 2020

Earth Hour: A Symbolic Movement of “Lights OFF” to save environment

Since 2007, every year million participate in the campaign called “Earth Hour” on March 28. The event is organized by the World wide Fund

Highlights

The event was first started in Sydney, Australia. The main aim of the marking Earth Hour is to call attention towards global warming, loss of biodiversity and climate change. During the one-hour campaign, businesses and people all over the world switch off unnecessary lights and electronic items between 8:30 PM and 9:30 PM.

The Earth Hour is held ever year on the last Saturday of March.

Significance

Every year, the support for the Earth Hour is increasing. This year many have taken the event to social media. This says that the awareness among people towards sustainability is increasing. The event also brings people together. It also pushes to bring about legislative changes including sustainable agriculture and renewable energy growth.

Turning OFF lights of major buildings of the world like Empire State, Eiffel Tower sends strong messages.

ICAR and NABARD sign MoU to develop Climate Resilient Technologies for farmers

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and National Board of Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) signed Memorandum of Understanding on December 13, 2019. The agreement was signed to facilitate the research and technologies to develop climate resilient practices in the agriculture sector and hi-tech farming practices.

Highlights

Under the agreement, the organizations will take up technology transfer in integrated farming system, agro-forestry, crop intensification, horticulture and plantation. The initiative will help to strengthen the competition among NABARD officers and other working partners. The agreement will also help to upgrade technologies developed by ICAR. It includes hi-tech farming practices, climate resilient practices and models. It will also aid in evaluation of NABARD assisted projects like farm-mechanization, agri-incubation centres, and report generation for climate change projects.

In order to develop climate resilient agriculture, GoI has launched several initiatives. One among them is the National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA).

NICRA

NICRA was launched in 2011. The project has three main objectives namely strategic research, capacity building and technology demonstrations. NICRA has four main modules namely crop production, natural resource management, improving soil health and livestock. Though the scheme was launched for 2 years, it was extended and is still active. The scheme is implemented by ICAR.

The main objectives of the scheme include enhancing resilience of Indian agriculture covering crops, fisheries, livestock. It will also demonstrate technology specific packages for Indian farmers to adapt to climate risks. The scheme will also enhance the capacity of scientists in climate resilient agricultural research and application.