Climate Smart Agriculture Current Affairs - 2020

Indian Science Congress to begin at Bengaluru

On January 3, 2020, PM Modi will inaugurate Indian Science Congress at Bengaluru. The theme of the Congress is

Theme: Science and Technology: Rural Development

The Congress is to be hosted by Department of Science and Technology.

Highlights

The 107th Indian Science Congress is to be held between January 3, 2020 and January 7, 2020. The event will act as a common platform for researchers, scientists and academicians. Around 28 plenary sessions are to be held during the event. It includes leading technologies such as Climate Smart Agriculture for food security, challenges in cancer drugs, nano materials for energy, solutions for oil and gas, environment and health care.

For the first time, Farmers Science Congress is to be held on the sidelines of Indian Science Congress

Farmers Science Congress

The congress will cover themes of innovation on integrated agriculture. It will also focus on themes of doubling farmers income, farmer empowerment, conservation, bio diversity, etc. The experts from ICAR (Indian council of Agricultural Research) and UAS (University of Agricultural Sciences) will also participate at the event along with the farmers whose innovative methodologies have brought in huge harvests.

Children Science Congress

The Children Science Congress also called the “Rashtriya Kishre Vaiguanik Sammelana” will also be held alongside 107th Indian Science Congress. The aim of the congress is to motivate students and increase their participation in scientific and technological fields.

Apart from these, women science congress will also be held showcasing women achievements. Also, VC Science congress will be held to address the need of higher education institutions. The event will also hold Science Communicators Meet.

ICAR and NABARD sign MoU to develop Climate Resilient Technologies for farmers

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and National Board of Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) signed Memorandum of Understanding on December 13, 2019. The agreement was signed to facilitate the research and technologies to develop climate resilient practices in the agriculture sector and hi-tech farming practices.

Highlights

Under the agreement, the organizations will take up technology transfer in integrated farming system, agro-forestry, crop intensification, horticulture and plantation. The initiative will help to strengthen the competition among NABARD officers and other working partners. The agreement will also help to upgrade technologies developed by ICAR. It includes hi-tech farming practices, climate resilient practices and models. It will also aid in evaluation of NABARD assisted projects like farm-mechanization, agri-incubation centres, and report generation for climate change projects.

In order to develop climate resilient agriculture, GoI has launched several initiatives. One among them is the National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA).

NICRA

NICRA was launched in 2011. The project has three main objectives namely strategic research, capacity building and technology demonstrations. NICRA has four main modules namely crop production, natural resource management, improving soil health and livestock. Though the scheme was launched for 2 years, it was extended and is still active. The scheme is implemented by ICAR.

The main objectives of the scheme include enhancing resilience of Indian agriculture covering crops, fisheries, livestock. It will also demonstrate technology specific packages for Indian farmers to adapt to climate risks. The scheme will also enhance the capacity of scientists in climate resilient agricultural research and application.