CMS Current Affairs - 2019
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The World Migratory Bird Day (WMBD) 2019 is being observed on 11 May 2019. Every year people across the globe take action and organize public events like bird festivals, exhibitions, education programmes, and bird-watching excursions to celebrate WMBD.
- The first WMBD was celebrated in 2006.
- It is an annual awareness-raising campaign which highlights the need for protecting migratory birds and their habitats.
- Function: It helps to raise global awareness about threats faced by migratory birds, their ecological importance, and need for international cooperation to conserve them.
- Observance: Starting from 2018, the WMBD is celebrated twice a year, second Saturday in May and in October.
- It is Organized By: The Convention on Migratory Species (CMS), the African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) together with Environment for the Americas (EFTA)
- The CMS and AEWA are two International Wildlife Treaties which are administered by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
- For year 2019 it will be celebrated on 11 May and 12 October.
- The WMBD 2019 is observed with Theme:“Protect Birds: Be the Solution to Plastic Pollution!”. It aims to put spotlight on negative impact of plastic pollution on migratory birds and their habitats.
- Birds are globally threatened by Plastic Watse: Study recorded that out of 265 bird species found entangled in plastic litter, at least 69 species were freshwater birds (10% of all freshwater species), 147 species were seabirds (36% of all seabird species), and 49 landbird species (0.5 per cent).
Tags: AEWA • African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement • CMS • Convention on Migratory Species • EFTA • Environment for the Americas • Theme:“Protect Birds: Be the Solution to Plastic Pollution!” • UNEP • United Nations Environment Programme • WMBD 2019 • World Migratory Bird Day
The Union Government has announced the Great Indian Bustard (GIB) as the mascot for the 13th Conference of Parties (COP) of the UN Convention on the conservation of migratory species (CMS) to be held in Gujarat next year.
The logo, mascot and the website for the 13th Conference of Parties (COP) was launched by the Union Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change Harsh Vardhan. The mascot for the event, Great Indian Bustard has been fondly named as ‘Gibi’.
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS)
CMS is an international treaty under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). It is also known as the Bonn Convention. CMS aims to conserve terrestrial, marine and avian migratory species throughout their range.
CMS is only global and UN-based intergovernmental organization established exclusively for conservation and management of terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory species throughout their range.
The convention provides a global platform for deliberations on the conservation and sustainable use of migratory wild animals and their habitat
The convention was signed in 1979 at Bonn (hence the name Bonn Convention), Germany and entered into force in 1983. Its headquarters are in Bonn, Germany. Since its entry into force, the membership has grown steadily to include over 120 Parties from Africa, Central and South America, Asia, Europe and Oceania.
Tags: Bonn Convention • CMS • COP-13 on Migratory Species • Gibi • Great Indian Bustard • UN Convention on the conservation of migratory species • UNEP • Union Ministry of Environment Forests and Climate Change • United Nations Environment Programme