The Union Ministry of Coal has launched Coal Mine Surveillance & Management System (CMSMS) and Mobile Application ‘Khan Prahari’. The CMSMS and the mobile app have been developed by CMPDI, Ranchi a Subsidiary of CIL and Bhaskarcharya Institute of Space Application and Geo-informatics (BISAG).
Coal Mine Surveillance & Management System (CMSMS)
The CMSMS is web based GIS application through which location of sites for unauthorised mining can be detected. Its objective is reporting, monitoring and taking suitable action on unauthorised coal mining activities. The basic platform used in the system is of Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology’s (MeiTY) map which provides village level information. The leasehold boundary of all coal mines are displayed on this map. The system uses satellite data to detect changes by which unauthorised mining activity extending beyond allotted lease area to take suitable action. It also uses information provided by responsible citizens using smartphones using Khan Prahari mobile app.
It is tool used for reporting any activity taking place related to illegal coal mining like rat hole mining, pilferage etc. Using it, one can upload geo-tagged photographs of incident along with textual information directly to system. It uses both satellite data and human information to capture information on unauthorised mining activities. Once incident is reported through this app, information will be automatically directed to nodal officers to take suitable action on those activities. The complainant can also track his complaint through it without identity being revealed.