CO2 emission Current Affairs - 2020

CO2 Emissions of India falls in 4 decades

According to the study conducted by Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA), the Carbon dioxide Emissions in India has declined the least in four decades.

Highlights

The study says that the carbon dioxide emissions in India has reduced by 15% in March and by 30% in April. The study also says that the latest consumption of oil and gas, coal has declined. It has fell by 30 million tonnes in 2019-20 in the country as compared to that of the previous year.

Fossil Fuel uses

The carbon dioxide pollution in the country is mainly caused due to power and transportation sector. The decline in consumption of fossil fuels is also the main reason for the reduction in pollution. The power generated by coal-fired power plants reduced by 15% in March for the first time. Also, the renewable energy generation has increased by 6.4% in March.

The carbon dioxide emission also slowed down due to slowdown in coal-fired electricity generation.

GoI: Quota Allocation Procedure for import of Calcined Pet Coke initiated

On April 20, 2020, the Government of India has laid down procedure to allocate quota for the import of calcined pet coke in the financial year 2020-21.

Highlights

In October 2018, the Government of India permitted imports of certain quantity of pet coke in order to use it as fuel in anode making. Earlier, the GoI had banned import of pet coke. Import of petcoke was allowed only in lime kiln, cement, gasification and calcium carbide industries. Now the Directorate General of Foreign Trade has invited applications for import of pet coke.

Pet Coke is mainly used in aluminium industry as raw material.

Pet Coke imports

India is the largest consumer of pet coke in the world. India imports over 27 million tonnes of pet coke from US alone. Pet coke emits over 11% more green house gases than coal.

What is Pet Coke?

Petroleum Coke is called Pet Coke. It is rich in carbon and is derived during oil refining. It consists of more than 80% of carbon.