CO2 emissions Current Affairs - 2020

BEE initiatives lead to Rs 89,122 crores

On May 6, 2020, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy released report on “Impact of Energy Efficiency Measures, 2018-19”. According to the report, energy initiatives of BEE have helped to save Rs 89,122 crores.

Key Highlights

The report assessed annual savings of energy and carbon dioxide emissions. According to the report, the energy efficiency schemes have helped to save 113 billion units of electricity. This when converted to money, the scheme has helped save Rs 89, 122 crores.

The schemes have also helped to reduce 151.74 million tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions. Last year the reduction in emission was 108 million tonnes.

Objective of the report

The report aimed to evaluate the performance and impact of the key energy efficiency initiatives in the country. In the 2018-19 study, the report identified the following programmes as the key energy efficiency programmes

  • UJALA Programme
  • Perform, Achieve and Trade Scheme
  • Municipal Demand Side Management Programme
  • Standards and Labelling Programme

The report also highlighted India’s pledges at the Conference of Parties.

India’s pledges at COP21

India at COP21 has pledged that the energy intensity of its economy will reduce by 33% to 35% as compared to that of 2005. This is to be achieved by 2030. India has already reduced its energy intensity by 20% as compared to 2005.

Hydrogen Fuel Bus and car launched by NTPC

The National Thermal Power Corporation recently launched ten Hydrogen Fuel Cell based buses and 10 similar electric cars.


The buses and cars were launched in New Delhi and Leh. Similar proposal is under implementation in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Other initiatives of NTPC

NTPC has been taking several such initiatives to provide e-mobility solution for public transport. This includes providing charging infrastructure and electric bus to state and city transport systems.

NTPC has so far commissioned 90 public charging stations in and around the city of Faridabad.

Why electric buses?

The initiative undertaken by NTPC to procure hydrogen fueled buses is to decarbonize transport system in the country.

Hydrogen Fuel Cell

The Hydrogen Fuel Cell use chemical process to convert hydrogen rich fuel into electricity. The main advantage of fuel cells is that they need not be charged frequently. They produce electricity as long as the fuel is available

In a Hydrogen Fuel cell, the hydrogen is passed through the anode, oxygen is passed through cathode. At anode, the hydrogen molecules are split into protons and electrons. The protons hence formed pass through electrolyte membrane. This forces electron to pass into the circuit, generating electric current.


The major benefits of hydrogen fuel cells include high efficiency, low to zero emissions, fuel flexibility, quiet operation, durability and energy security.