Coal India Limited Current Affairs - 2020

CIL partners with AIM to boost Innovation & Entrepreneurship Initiatives

On 19th June 2020, a Statement of Intent (SOI) was signed and exchanged during a virtual e-summit according to which Coal India Limited (CIL) has partnered with Atal Innovation Mission (AIM). The strategic partnership is to provide support to various entrepreneurship initiatives and innovation programs of AIM.

AIM Entrepreneurship & Innovation Building Initiatives

  • The AIM conducts various programs at the school level (ATL-Atal Tinkering Labs), institutional levels (AIC-Atal Incubation Centres) for building an entrepreneurial ecosystem in the country.
  • For Industry level: ANIC – Atal New India Challenges, and ARISE- Applied Research and Innovation for MSMEs.
  • Along with rural India, in Tier-2 and 3 cities: ACIC- Atal Community Innovation Centres work towards stimulating innovations.

Importance of the CIL-AIM Partnership

The partnership will focus on motivating the talented youths of the country in order to create an AtmaNirbhar Bharat. For this, CIL will adopt a certain number of ATL based schools in the country where training sessions for teachers will be conducted so that the teachers could be able to provide mentoring support to the students.

Close to areas of operation of CIL (generally in Tier 2, 3 cities, or in rural areas), CIL will support the youths by adopting programs of the ACIC, such as by hosting innovation-based events, etc. As CIL is operating in remote areas of the country, this will help the youths of these unserved and under-served regions.

In the future, as the youths understand the power of innovation and entrepreneurship, local jobs will be created that will help in creating a sustainable AtmaNirbhar Bharat.

“APNA UREA-SonaUgle” brand of HURL launched-To increase Urea Production

The APNA UREA-SonaUgle brand of HURL (Hindustan Urvarak & Rasayan Limited) was launched by the Union Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers Shri D V Sadananda Gowda.

Recent developments in Urea Production

In order to make India self-sufficient in Urea, the Union Government approved revival of three Urea plants located in Sindri, Gorakhpur and Barauni. The other two major fertilizer plants at Talcher and Ramagundam are also to be reopened. With these measures GoI projects that the annual production of Urea is to increase by 63.5 lakh metric tonnes per annum.

What is HURL?

HURL is a joint venture of Indian Maharatna companies namely IOCL (Indian Oil Corporation Limited), NTPC (National Thermal Power Corporation) and Coal India Limited. The objective of HURL is to make India self-reliant in Urea. The following are the targets set for HURL

  • Revival of three Urea plants by 2021
  • Increase neem coated urea production capacity to 38.1 lakh metric tonnes per annum
  • To start operations of energy efficient and environment friendly natural gas-based fertilizer plants by 2021. The feedstock (Natural Gas) is to be supplied by GAIL.

Current Scenario of Urea Production

According to National Urea Policy 2015, there are totally 31 Urea producing plants in India. Out of these, 28 units Natural Gas as feedstock. The rest of the units use Naphtha as feedstock.

Concerns

The production of urea is water consuming process. The current annual water consumption of urea manufacturing plants as of June 2019 is 191 million cubic metres. Some of the urea plants in India are yet to abide the 2003 Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection Guidelines, 2003 that was issued by CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board).