Coastal Security Current Affairs
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Indian Navy will conduct its flagship large-scale coastal defence exercise Theatre Level Operational Readiness Exercise (TROPEX) from January to March 2019 to test robustness of entire coastal security apparatus. As part of TROPEX, Indian Navy will conduct large-scale coastal defence exercise ‘Exercise Sea Vigil’. This exercise will involve all stake holders across mainland and island territories. It will see participation of all operational ships, submarines and aircraft as well as units of Indian coast guards (ICG), Indian Army and Indian Air Force (IAF).
Theatre Level Operational Readiness Exercise (TROPEX)
It is yearly exercise that takes place on Western Seaboard. It is conducted to test various aspects of not only joint combat capabilities but also to test war capabilities of three services in war like situation. This exercise helps in validating operational warfighting concepts and provides very important lessons that will help services to further sharpen their skills. It will also seeks to strengthen interoperability and joint operations in complex conflict situation. It provides opportunity to test combat capability of the Indian Navy, Indian Army, IAF and ICG. In the current security scenario and with India’s increased role inIndian Ocean Region (IOR) and Indo-Pacific, TROPEX assumes great significance.
It will see participation of over 45 ships from both Western and Eastern Naval Commands of Indian Navy, including aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya, submarines including nuclear powered Chakra, naval aircraft MiG-29K, helicopters as well as ships from Indian Coast Guard. Since its a tri-service exercise, troops from Indian Army and fighter aircraft from Indian Air Force including SU-30 MKI, Jaguars and AWACs will also participate.
The Indian Coast Guard (ICG) has commissioned interceptor boat ICGS C-437 at Porbandar, Gujarat as part of its efforts to strengthen coastal security. ICGS C-437 shall be based at Jakhau under administrative and operational control of commander Coast Guard Region (North West).
The interceptor boat is 27.8m long, has displacement capacity of 106 tonnes and has maximum speed of 45 knots. It is capable of undertaking multifarious task such as surveillance, search and rescue, interdiction and rendering assistance to boats and craft in distress at sea.
The boat has advanced navigational and communication equipment with capability to respond to any maritime situation. Its induction will strengthen the security umbrella of the west coast and will help augment patrolling, to prevent illicit activities such as infiltration, smuggling and illegal fishing.