Code of Criminal Procedure Current Affairs - 2020

MP, the First State to launch innovative Scheme “FIR Aapke Dwar Yojana”

On May 11, 2020, the Madhya Pradesh Government has launched “FIR Aapke Dwar Yojana”.

Highlights

The scheme has been launched in 23 police stations as a pilot project. This includes both rural and urban areas.

Features of the scheme

Under the scheme, a person need not go to the police station to dodge a complaint. The scheme has deployed the head constables to register the complaints from the people. The scheme will also enable on spot FIR registrations. When the complaints are serious, they will be forwarded to senior officers.

Along with the scheme, the Home Minister of the State also launched a helpline, “Dial 112”. This will provide in instant ambulance services, fire fighting services and also will enable to contact the police within a short period of time.

Other important Facts

Madhya Pradesh is the first state in the country to launch such an innovative scheme on police subject. It is to be noted that Police is State subject. The scheme was launched by the Home Minister of Maharashtra Sr Narottam Mishra.

FIR

FIR is First Information Report. The concept of FIR is followed in South East and South Asian countries including Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Singapore, etc.

Legality of FIR

The Constitution of India does not provide any rights over FIR. FIR and its legality is defined by the  Section 154 of The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.

Registration of Marriage of Non-Resident Indian Bill, 2019

The government has introduced the Registration of Marriage of Non-Resident Indian Bill, 2019 in the Parliament. The bill was introduced by the Minister of External Affairs Sushma Swaraj in the Rajya Sabha.

Features of the Bill

The Bill aims to arrest the cases of Indian women being trapped in fraudulent marriages with non-resident Indians (NRI). The important features of the bill are:

  • The bill mandates the Non-Resident Indians who marry an Indian citizen or a fellow NRI abroad to compulsorily register their marriages within 30 days.
  • Failure to register their marriage would face the prospects of their passports being impounded or even revoked.
  • The bill allows courts to attach movable and immovable properties of NRIs who are declared “proclaimed offenders” for failing to appear before the law.
  • The bill allows courts to send summonses and warrants to the accused through a specially designated website to be hosted by the Ministry of External Affairs.
  • The bill amends the Passport Act and the Code of Criminal Procedure to allow passport authorities to revoke or impound passport or travel documents of the accused, and allow courts to attach their properties.
  • The bill clearly states that if an NRI marries an Indian citizen here, the marriage has to be registered as per local laws and if the marriage takes place abroad, it has to be registered with designated officers to be appointed in foreign countries.

The Bill proposes to offer greater protection to Indian women married to NRIs and serve as a deterrent to NRIs against harassment of their spouses.