Combustion Technology Current Affairs - 2020

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GoI: Technology developed to improve Fuel Efficiency of Internal Combustion Engines

The International Advanced Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI) operating under Department of Science and Technology, Government of India has developed a technology to improve fuel efficiency of internal combustion engines.

Highlights

The technology improves the fuel efficiency by reducing friction in the engines. This has been achieved through Laser surface micro-texturing. In this technology, the friction is controlled by controlling the size, density and shape of the micro-surface texture features. Such a texture is created by using a pulsating laser beam. The beam creates micro-dimples, grooves on the surface of the materials. These Grooves trap debris that usually increase friction and thereby wear and tear.

About the model

The texture has been created on internal combustion engine components such as cylinder liners and piston rings. The model was tested at the ARCI lab under difference speeds and also at different temperatures of lubrication oil and coolant.

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World’s largest combustion research centre inaugurated at IIT Madras

National Centre for Combustion Research and Development (NCCRD) was inaugurated at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Madras in Tamil Nadu. It is world’s largest combustion research centre and one of best diagnostic centres in the country to understand combustion.

National Centre for Combustion Research and Development (NCCRD)

NCCRD is supported by state-run Science and Engineering Research Board (SERN) of Department of Science and Technology (DST), Ministry of Science and Technology. It has been established at a total cost of Rs 90 crore. It will develop state-of-the-art capabilities in combustion research involving experts in the country.

NCCRD’s research interests will cover automotive, thermal power and aerospace propulsion, besides fire research and microgravity combustion to minor extent. It will provide impetus to research in ‘Alternative Energy and Environmental Protection’ by focusing on effective utilisation of combustion as means of thermo-chemical energy conversion.

NCCRD has been set up as nodal centre in region and any institute and industry can work with it as it is totally IT-enabled and possess a strong simulation facility. Many industrial and R&D organisations like Mahindra, Shell, BHEL, ISRO, DRDO (DRDL, GTRE, CFEES), TVS, AVL, GAIL, GE, NAL, Forbes-Marshall, Siemens, Thermax, Cummins, Tata Power etc are working closely with NCCRD.

NCCRD will impart major boost to Indian scientific community. It will play a pivotal role in making sure that India has access to latest technologies in all these areas. Its intention is to make it knowledge base in areas like combustion, gasification, propulsion and automotive sectors.

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