Communication Satellite Current Affairs - 2020

Draft Guidelines issued for Satellite TV channels

The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting has issued draft guidelines for satellite TV channels.

Highlights

The Ministry has listed 11 violation under the guidelines. It includes delay in intimating the ministry about the change in shareholding pattern of the company, appointing a director without the permission of the ministry, not removing a director who has been denied with security clearance, showing logo that is not permitted by the ministry, etc.

If any of the 11 clauses are violated the ministry would warn, impose penalty or even prohibit broadcast up to 10 days.

Key Features

According to the guidelines, the channels need not get clearance ever year. Also, the permits will be provided to the Indian teleports for up linking foreign channels to increase their business. For now, the channels registered under ‘news’ category are allowed to make live telecasts. The rest of the channels have to get permission from the ministry to telecast live events. However, under the guidelines, these non-news channels are allowed to live telecast after registering themselves under “Broadcast seva”.

Since 1997, the giving preference to Indian satellite was always an integral part of the policies of GoI. However, this time the guidelines say that the only criteria to use a satellite channel is that it should be uplinked on C band or Ku band.

C band and Ku band

The Ku band uses frequencies between 12 GHz and 19 GHz. The C band uses radio frequency between 4 GHz and 8 GHz.

ISRO to launch GSAT-30 satellite

On January 17, 2020, the Indian Space Research Organization will launch GSAT-30 satellite on the launch vehicle Ariane-5. It is to be launched in Ariane Launch Complex at Kourou. Kourou is a French territory that if located along the north eastern coast of South America.

About the Mission

The GSAT-30 is a communication satellite. It is to replace INSAT-4A. The mission life of GSAT-30 is 15 years. ISRO has designed GSAT-30 in such a way to increase the number of transponders. A transponder is a device that transmits and responds to signals.

The satellite will help in supporting VSAT network, teleport services, DTH televisions services, cellular backhaul connectivity and digital news gathering services

INSAT-4A

The Indian National Satellite System was a series of geostationary satellites that were launched for telecommunications, meteorology, broadcasting and search and rescue operations. The INSAT-4A was launched in 2005  mainly for communication purposes.

Ariane

Ariane Space is a commercial satellite launching organization that was founded in 1980. Since then, it has launched 23 Indian satellites. APPLE Experimental was the first Indian satellite to be launched by Ariane.

The launch centres of the organization is located in Washington D.C, Tokyo, Singapore, French Guiana and Baikonur Cosmodrome (Central Asia)

APPLE

APPLE was an experimental satellite launched by India in 1981. It was the first experimental communication satellite of India. It was used for TV and radio communications. It laid the foundation for the large satellite constellation of India that included INSAT and GSAT series.