Companies Act Current Affairs - 2020
On May 17, 2020, the Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman announced the fifth and final tranche of Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. The scheme is to implement several measures to fight COVID-19 at an allocated budget of Rs 20 lakh crore economic packages
Under the fifth tranche of the scheme, the finance minister announced seven steps. This included MNREGA, health and education, decriminalization of Companies Act, businesses and COVID-19, Public Sector Enterprises, Ease of Doing Business, State Governments and related resources.
The GoI is to allocate Rs 40,000 crore for MNREGA scheme. This will help generate employment for 300 crore persons. It is to be noted that, earlier, the health and sanitation workers have been included under MNREGA. This was done during the phase of Swachh Bharat Mission.
The funds will be used to make additional enrolments under the scheme. Especially, the funds aim at employing the migrant workers who have returned to their home towns due to COCID-19.
Health and Education Sector
The health and education expenditure is to be increased. The GoI is to focus on improvising the infrastructure of these sectors. All districts will have infectious disease blocks set up. Also, public labs are to be set up at district level. A National Digital Health blueprint is to be implemented. Also, the GoI will increase research in health.
The top 100 universities are to be permitted begin online courses. “Mandodarpan”, an initiative to increase the psycho-social support of students, families and teachers is to be launched.
Also, an E-vidya programme to access digital and online education is to be launched. A TV channel focusing on students Classes 1 to 12 is to be launched.
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code
No fresh insolvency proceedings will be initiated for one year. A special Insolvency framework will be notified under Section 240-A of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy code.
The minimum threshold to initiate insolvency processes has been increased from Rs 1 lakh to Rs 1 crore.
Decriminalization Companies Act
The majority of compoundable offences under Companies act are to be shifted to internal adjudicating mechanism. This will de-clog National Company Law tribunal and the criminal courts in the country.
Ease of Doing Business
The private companies that list non-convertible debentures on stock exchanges are to be considered as listed companies. Also, direct listing of securities by public companies are to be done in permitted foreign jurisdictions.
Public Sector Enterprises
A new public sector policy is to be brought in by the GoI. The new policy will allow private sector to participate all the key sectors along with the public sector units. The policy will also strategize key sectors. The strategy will be brought in such a way that at least at least one public sector will be there in every strategic sectors. The number of enterprises to be present in strategic sectors are four.
Just like the Central Government, the state governments are also witnessing sharp drop in revenues. Around Rs 46,038 crores have been so far devolved to state as tax revenue. The advancing limits of states have been increased by 60%. Also, the GoI increased the number of days a state shall stay in overdraft situation.
The Central Government will now allow the states to borrow up to 5% of GSDP (Gross State Domestic Product). This means that the states can now borrow an additional amount of Rs 4.28 lakh crores.
Tags: Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan • Companies Act • Ease of doing business • gross domestic product • IBC
The Task Force on National Infrastructure Pipeline recently submitted its report to the Finance Minister Smt Nirmala Sitaraman. Under the report, the task force has recommended to set up National Land Management Corporation.
The National Land Management Corporation will help to monetize state-owned surplus lands in a systematic way. The Task Force recommends to set up the corporation under Companies Act. The Corporation will also manage the lands that are owned by the Government of India.
Role of the corporation
The following were recommended by the task force
- To hire a technical team to operate under the corporation. The team will be market-linked.
- A Chief Executive Officer shall be appointed to lead the corporation
- The Corporation will raise capital from the equity market
- The corporation will work with several government departments including Defence Ministry and Railways.
- The Corporation is to develop model concession agreements.
The Government of India is to bring about 100 lakh crore investment in the infrastructure sector in the next five years. Therefore, it is important to bring about new monitoring agencies as that of the National Land Management Corporation to make sure there is enough availability of land to make the investment fruitful.