competitive federalism Current Affairs - 2020
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On February 3, 2020, the Ministry of Women and Child Development awarded Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandhana Yojana (PMMVY) awards to states and Union Territories and Districts. The award function was organized to promote competitive federalism among the states.
The Awards were presented under three categories namely best performance since inception,
Highlights: Best Performance since inception
Under this, in the category of more than 1 crore population, Madhya Pradesh bagged the award followed by Andhra Pradesh and Haryana at second and third position respectively.
In the Category of States and Union Territories with population less than 1 crore Dadra and Nagar Haveli bagged the award following Himachal Pradesh and Chandigarh at second and third positions respectively.
Highlights: Best Performance in Matru Vandana Saptah
In the category of states and UTs with population more than 1 crore, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh stood at first, second and third places respectively.
In the category of states and UTs with population less than 1 crore, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Sikkim and Manipur bagged the first, second and third places respectively.
The PMMVY has so far benefitted 1.28 crore beneficiaries. It has transferred Rs 5280 crores through Direct Benefit Transfer scheme.
The PMMVY is a maternity benefit programme launched in 2017. Under the programme, cash of Rs 5000 is provided to pregnant women and lactating mothers.
Tags: awards • competitive federalism • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana • Schemes • Women
On January 29, 2020, the NITI Aayog released the ranking of Aspirational Districts of the country for the month of December 2019. The ranking is released every month.
The Chandauli district of UP topped the list followed by Bolangir of Odisha, YSR (AP) in second and third positions respectively. Sahibanj of Jhatkhand and Hailakandi of Assam were placed in fourth and fifth places. The rankings were done for 112 aspirational districts. The districts were selected from six developmental areas in December 2019.
The areas evaluated during the ranking includes Health and Nutrition, agriculture, education, skill development, financial inclusion, basic infrastructure and water resources.
Aspirational Districts Programme
The Programme was launched in January 2018. The main objective of the programme is to transform the districts that have been pockets of under-development. These cities show relatively lesser progress. Also, the ranking helps in competitive Federalism and hence hastens overall development.
The Programme aims at Convergence, Collaboration and Competition.
Tags: Aspirational District Programme • competitive federalism • Infrastructure • Infrastructure Development • Niti Aayog