Composite Water Management Index Current Affairs - 2020

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Gujarat tops in Composite Water Management Index 2019

Gujarat topped in 2017-18 in the Composite Water Management Index (CWMI 2.0) report  released by NITI Aayog. CWMI 2.0 ranked 25 States and 2 UTs for the reference year 2017-18 as against base year 2016-17. On an average, 80% of states assessed on CWMI 2.0 over e last three years have improved their water management scores, with average improvement of +5.2 points.

About Composite Water Management Index (CWMI)

It was launched by NITI Aayog in 2018 as an important tool to assess and improve the performance of States/ UTs in efficient management of water resources. It seeks to instill sense of cooperative and competitive federalism among the states. It is first ever attempt at of creating pan-India set of metrics that measured different dimensions of water management and use across the lifecycle of water.

It ranks states/UTs based on water data collection exercise conducted by NITI Aayog in partnership with Union Ministry of Jal Shakti, Union Ministry of Rural Development and all States/UTs.

Ranking of states/UTs is based on key 9 themes which are further subdivided into 28 indicators. The nine themes are-

(i) Source augmentation and restoration of waterbodies (weightage:5%)

(ii) Groudwater augmentation (15%)

(iii) Major and medium irragation-supply side management (15%)

(iv) Watershed development-Supply side management (10%)

(v) Participatory Irrigation practices- Demand Side Management (10%).

(vi) Sustaiable on-farm water use practices- Demand side management (10%).

(vii) Rural drinking water (10%).

(viii) Urban water supply and sanitation (10%) and Policy and Goverance (15%).

CWMI 2.0 Rankings

Gujarat was ranked first in the reference year (2017-18), followed by Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

In North Eastern and Himalayan States: Himachal Pradesh was adjudged number 1 in 2017-18 followed by Uttarakhand, Tripura and Assam.

Union Territories: They have for first time submitted their data. Puducherry was declared as the top ranker.

Incremental change in index (over 2016-17 level): Haryana holds number one position in general States and Uttarakhand ranks at first position amongst North Eastern and Himalayan States.

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NITI Aayog launches Composite Water Management Index

The NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog launched Composite Water Management Index as useful tool to assess and improve performance in efficient management of water resources. The index aims to inspire States/UTs towards efficient and optimal utilization of water and recycling thereof with sense of urgency.

Key Facts

The composite water management index comprises of nine parameters and 28 indicators. These include various aspects of ground water, irrigation, restoration of water bodies, farm practices, drinking water, policy and governance. For purpose of analysis, reporting states of index were divided into two special groups North Eastern and Himalayan states and Other States to take into account different hydrological conditions across these groups.

Ranking of States/UTs

General States or Other States: Gujarat topped the list followed by Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra. Jharkhand, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar were worst performers among general States. In terms of incremental change, it was Rajasthan which held the first position.

North-eastern and Himalayan states: Tripura has topped the list followed by Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Assam.

Significance

Composite water management index’s ranking of states/UTs will ensure that principle of competitive and cooperative federalism is actualised in India’s water management system. It will help build pressure on states who have not performed well to improve their water management techniques as this is directly linked to agriculture prosperity in different states. It can be also utilised to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better management of water resources. It will provide useful information for States and also for concerned Central Ministries and Departments enabling them to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better management of water resources.

Need for index

India in recent times is suffering from worst water crisis in its history. Millions of lives and livelihoods are under threat due to this crisis. Currently, 600 million Indians face high to extreme water stress and about 2 lakh people die every year due to inadequate access to safe water. It is estimated crisis is going to get worse by 2030 when India’s water demand is projected to be twice the available supply. In view of limitations on availability of water resources and rising demand for water, sustainable management of water resources has acquired critical importance. The Composite Water Management Index will fulfil mandate of cooperative and competitive federalism and also challenges States/UTs to meet aspirations of new India.

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