Conference of Parties Current Affairs - 2020

May 20: World Bee Day

Every year May 20 is being celebrated as World Bee Day by the United Nations. The official celebrations began in 2018.

Highlights

The World Bee Day is celebrated to commemorate the birthday of Slovenian apiculture pioneer Anton Jansa. This year, the World Bee Day is celebrated under the theme.

Theme: Save the Bees

The day is being celebrated to raise awareness about the importance of pollinators, hummingbirds, butterflies, bats.

The Convention on Biological Diversity focuses on conserving these pollinators as well. In 2000, the International Pollinator Initiative was launched at the COP (Conference of Parties) V. The initiative focuses on the sustainability of pollinators in agriculture.

Significance

Bees are the greatest pollinators. They are under great threats currently due to habitat loss, parasites, diseases and agricultural pesticides. According to United Nations, around 35% of world agriculture still depend on pollinators.

International Pollinator Initiative

The International Pollinator Initiative mainly aims to promote coordinated world wide action. It was launched under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The initiative is to run till 2030. India is also a part of the initiative.

The Convention on Biological Diversity is a multilateral treaty. It was opened at the Earth Summit that was held in Rio de Janerio in 1992.

COP25 cancelled

On October 30, 2019, the Chile Government cancelled the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit and the COP25 conference due to the ongoing protests in the country. The country’s president in a press meet said that the ongoing violent protests have plagued the country for weeks and it is currently not in a situation to hold international conferences.

While the United Nations is searching alternatives to conduct the conferences, Spain has offered to host COP25. This is the second time a country is cancelling to host COP25. In November, 2018, Brazil withdrew from hosting the COP25 citing economic reasons

COP25

The Conference of Parties is the supreme body of the UNFCCC-United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The first COP was held in Berlin, Germany in 1995. The Climate change decisions and solutions of the United Nations revolved around the COP agreements. the last COP 24 was held at Katowice, Poland in May 2019.

APEC

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation is an inter-governmental forum for 21 Pacific rim countries. These countries account for nearly 50% of the world’s trade and account to 57% of world GDP. It was established in 1989. India is an observer of APEC since 2011 and has applied for its membership.