Conferences Current Affairs - 2020

Corona Virus Global Response International Pledging Conference held

On May 5, 2020, around 40 countries took part on an online summit called Global Response International Pledging Conference.

Highlights

The Conference was initiated by European Union. US and Russia did not take part in the conference. China where the virus originated was represented by its ambassador.

The main aim of the conference was to raise funds for research of COVID-19, especially vaccine development.

Funds

The European Union pledged to donate 1 billion USD. France made its contribution of 500 million USD. Saudi Arabia and Germany each pledged to raise 500 million USD. Japan had pledged more than 800 million USD.

Of the funds raised, 4.4 billion USD is to go for vaccine development, 2.2 billion USD is to be allocated to search for treatment and 1.6 billion USD is to be allocated to produce tests for COVID-19.

Hosts of the Conference

The Conference was initiated by the European Union. Along with the European Union, the other countries that co-hosted the conference includes Canada, UK, France, Italy, Germany, Norway, Japan and Saudi Arabia.

World Health Organization

The countries gave their support to WHO in its functioning. The support comes against the criticisms made by US that WHO is China-centric.

April 25: International Delegate’s Day

On April 25, 2020, for the first time, the United Nations marked the International Delegate’s Day. The Day is being marked to celebrate the 75th anniversary of San Francisco Conference.

San Francisco Conference

On April 25, 1945, delegates from 50 countries came together in San Francisco for the first time. The main aim of the conference was to come together to restore world peace and impose rules post world war. More than 850 delegates participated in the conference. They represented 80% of the world population.

The Charter of United Nations was framed after two months of the conference, that is, on June 25, 1945.

Significance

Delegates are the back bone of the United Nations. They bring life to the organization and hence it is important to recognize their role. The delegates to the United Nations represent their concerned countries and are appointed by the country.

Role of Delegates

The United Nations has adopted the resolution 73/286 to recognize the crucial role played by the delegates. These delegates live up to the goals of United Nations, that is, to maintain international peace, promote effective multilateralism and encourage respect for fundamental freedom and human rights. The delegates negotiate agreements with the other member countries, coordinate with their countries and follow interests of the governments they serve.