Connectivity Current Affairs - 2020

Cha-Chai Art Work inaugurated at National Museum by Portuguese president

The Portugal President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa is on a four-day visit to India. On February 14, 2020, he along with the Minister of Tourism, India Prahlad Singh Patel inaugurated a Cha-Chai art-work installation at the National Museum.

What is Cha-Chai Art Work?

The 5pm tea is a family tradition of the Portuguese. According to their family culture, it strengthens family bonding. The Cha-Chai art work inaugurated was a teapot art work. It symbolically depicts people to people relations between the countries.

The Cha-Chai art work inaugurated was made of iron railings. It depicted the bridge between rural and urban landscape. The aroma of tea in the art work depicted the journey from physical to surreal world.

The President is to visit Goa for two days to sign water management and sewerage management agreements.

Portuguese in Goa

The Portuguese had ruled Goa for more than 450 years. They arrived in India in the 14th century. Today there are more than 10,000 to 12,000 Portuguese speakers in the state.

The Indian Army invaded Goa, Daman and Diu in 1961. This brought an end to the Portugal rule in India.

Ganga-Volga Dialogue held with Russia to enhance Connectivity

The Ganga-Volga Dialogue was held between India and Russia in New Delhi. The dialogue focused in providing interface between the civilizations of the countries.


The dialogue prioritized people-to-people contact. According to Russia, the dialogue acted as a good platform for its policy of “Greater Eurasia”. The Dialogue was held on the following theme

Theme: Connectivity

The Dialogue also focused on Digital Connectivity, culture, tourism, healthcare, manufacturing technology, economy, entrepreneurship, etc. The aim of the dialogue is very similar to the International North-South Transport Corridor.

Proposals Discussed

The dialogue discussed the following key proposals

  • The impacts of rapidly changing international situation.
  • Ways of implementation of decisions taken in India-Russia Summit held in September 2019 at Vladivostok. As an outcome of the summit India agreed to extend a line of credit of 1 billion USD in order to develop far east Indian companies of Russia.
  • The development of economic activities in the riverine systems of Ganga and Volga.

Other Discussions

During the dialogue India placed its state of not being into any military alliance in the Quad grouping. This is important for India to keep its trade and defence relations between with Russia and USA balanced. Also, India’s policy of SAGAR Indian Ocean were also discussed. The relations between India and CSTO (Collective Security Treaty Organization) were also discussed.