Conservation Current Affairs - 2020

Uttarakhand opens Biodiversity Park

The State of Uttarakhand has recently opened a biodiversity park in Haldwani as the rich botanical heritage of the state is facing threats from climate change and degrading habitat loss, degrading landscapes and development activities.

Highlights

The Park was established on World Environment Day. The hill state that is rich in biodiversity has been losing flora and fauna due to the following reasons

  • Climate Change
  • Fragmentation of Habitat
  • Landscape Degradation

Background

The main reason for the degradation of biodiversity in the state, especially in the hilly regions of the country is popularity that is gained by food products from hilly regions of the country. The foods have been labelled “Super Foods”. While, the hills are converted into plantation, very little efforts are put in to conserve the forests.

Impact on local food

The new plantations coming up in the hilly regions of India are giving importance only to commercially profitable food items. This has led to threats of local food varieties.

About the park

There park consists of 40 thematic sections. It includes fruits, plant edible species and also plants of medicinal and commercial importance. The park also includes plants that have religious, cultural and historical significance.

The park also includes local food varieties. This mainly included wild berries such as Kaphal, Ghingharu, Hisalu and Kilmora. These berries naturally grow in the forests and consumed by the locals.

June 8: World Oceans Day

Every year, World Oceans Day is celebrated by the United Nations on June 8. The Day is celebrated to remind people all over the world about the importance of oceans in everyday life. This year, the World Oceans Day is celebrated under the theme

Theme: Innovation for a Sustainable Ocean

Background

The World Oceans Day has been celebrated by many countries since 1992. The countries were celebrating the Day after the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development that was held in Rio de Janeiro.

However, the United Nations decided to celebrate the day in 2009.

Significance

The World Oceans Day is celebrated to make sure mankind is well aware of the importance of Ocean Literacy and Ocean Science and Policy

Ocean Science and Policy

According to the United Nations, in order to conserve and use the oceans sustainably, the following should be imbibed in the policies being framed

  • The policies should have up-to-date scientific knowledge
  • The policies should recognize the needs of the communities that are interacting with the oceans
  • The policies should be seen by the citizens as legitimate and trust worthy.

Sustainable Development Goals

The Goal 14 of the Sustainable Development Goals says, “Conserve and Sustainable use the oceans, marine resources and the seas”. Therefore, it is highly important to observe World Oceans Day to succeed the goal and create awareness about the importance of oceans.