Conservation of Wetlands Current Affairs - 2020

GoI released Draft Visionary Perspective Plan (2020-30) to Conserve Avian Ecosystem ahead of CMS COP-13

Ahead of the Conservation of Migratory Species Conference of Parties-13 (CMS COP-13), the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has introduced a draft Visionary Perspective Plan (2020-2030) to conserve ecosystems, habitats, avian diversity and landscapes in the country.

Visionary Perspective Plan (2020-2030)

  • According to the draft, there are 1,317 bird species in India. Out of these 72 are endemic, 100 are threatened, 17 are critically endangered, 63 are vulnerable and 20 are endangered. Around 270 species of avifauna fall under “rare” category. It includes pheasants, hornbills, bustards, storks and cranes.
  • The birds are prone to extinction mainly due to poaching, fragmentation of ecosystem, habitat loss and epidemics. The draft also says that stray dog population has increased due to catastrophic decline in population of vultures.
  • The draft says that around 219 bird bio-diversity areas are under severe anthropogenic pressure.
  • The draft also says that 2,01,503 wetlands spread across 2.25 hectares in India are under stress. This is mainly due to agricultural run-offs and urbanization.

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Facts Box: World Wetlands Day

The World Wetlands Day is marked on February 2 by the Ramsar Secretariat with financial support from Danone Group.

This year the day was marked under the following theme

Theme: Wetlands and Biodiversity

Highlights

The World Wetland Day is being marked since 1997. February 2 was chosen as the Ramsar Convention was signed on this day in 1971.

Significance of the theme

The world wetlands are disappearing three times faster than that of the forests. Therefore, this year theme focuses on promoting actions to reverse the losses.

Importance of Wetlands

The day is important to create awareness about the importance of wetlands. The wetlands provide habitat to several species, acts as a buffer zone against flooding and storms. Above all, wetlands act as natural filter of water. They break down harmful pollutants and transform them into pure elements.

RAMSAR Convention

The Convention is named after the Ramsar city of Iran where it was signed. The convention works closely with 6 partners namely Birdlife International, WWF International, International Water Management Institute, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust.

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